A heart attack can be encountered at a fairly young age. Galina Lazarenko, a cardiologist of the Consultative and Diagnostic Department of the Federal Center for Brain and Neurotechnologies of the FMBA of Russia, a doctor of the highest category, a candidate of medical sciences, told the aif.ru portal how to recognize the problem.
According to the doctor, ischemia is getting younger every year. Today, it is increasingly detected in patients who are under 45 years old. Experts attribute this to stress, lack of physical activity and unhealthy diet. All of these conditions fall under the general name "metabolic syndrome". Because of it, early atherosclerosis begins in the vessels.
At risk are those men whose abdominal circumference is more than 94 cm, and women with abdominal circumference more than 80 cm. In addition, ischemia is a common disease of smokers and those who have low "good" cholesterol. An examination by a cardiologist will not hurt those who have immediate family members with early myocardial infarction or cerebral strokes.
Factors that reduce oxygen saturation of the heart also provoke heart attacks in young people. For example, iron deficiency anemia or thyroid dysfunction.
Symptoms of heart problems can be shortness of breath and discomfort behind the sternum after psycho-emotional stress, episodes of erectile dysfunction, and a feeling of weakness after exercise.
Earlier, the doctor told how to determine blood pressure without a tonometer. The easiest way is to measure your heart rate using a smartphone app or watch with a second hand.