The Federal Service for Supervision of Consumer Rights Protection and Human Welfare (Rospotrebnadzor) told about what affects human immunity. This was reported by the press service of the department.
They explained that every year, at the initiative of the World Health Organization (WHO), World Immunity Day is celebrated on March 1. Immunity is the ability of the immune system to rid the body of genetically foreign objects. Immunity is inherent in a person from birth. The effectiveness of the immune system depends on heredity, but proper nutrition and a healthy lifestyle can significantly increase its activity. Distinguish between innate immunity and acquired (active, passive). Immunity begins to form even before a person is born - in the mother's womb. Passive immunity is formed in the body after the administration of the vaccine. The strength of immunity is 50% dependent on the lifestyle that a person leads.
“Factors negatively affecting immunity: prolonged stress; bad habits; poor nutrition (starvation, overeating); deficiency of vitamins and minerals; physical overload; suffered injuries, burns, operations; environmental pollution; uncontrolled use of drugs,”the message says.
At the same time, signs of a decrease in the immune system can be frequent colds, prolonged fever, chronic fatigue syndrome, drowsiness or insomnia, pain in the joints and muscles, sleep disturbances, frequent headaches, and the appearance of skin rashes.
“What does a person need to maintain immunity? 1. Complete healthy food. 2. Quitting smoking and drinking alcohol. 3. Respect for your psyche. 4. Healthy sleep (at least eight hours a day in a well-ventilated area). 5. Hardening (dousing and contrast showers, baths and saunas). An alternation of high and low temperatures is recommended. 6. Regular sports activities, active lifestyle. But it has been proven that excessive loads can negatively affect immunity,”the Rospotrebnadzor noted.
According to the WHO, only 10% of people have immunity, which protects them from almost all diseases. Another 10% have congenital immunodeficiency: they get sick very often. For the remaining 80%, the strength of the immune system depends on conditions and lifestyle.
“World Immunity Day is another opportunity to highlight the importance and significance of a healthy lifestyle. By timely correcting immunity disorders, it is possible to prevent the occurrence of diseases of many organs and systems. For good health and proper functioning of internal organs, it is necessary to strengthen natural immunity and conduct timely vaccination,”the department concluded.