The name of the disease is on everyone's lips, but there are plenty of myths around. Marina Savkina, a dermatovenerologist at the CMD Center for Molecular Diagnostics of the Central Research Institute of Epidemiology of Rospotrebnadzor (@cmd_lab), answered the uncomfortable questions that patients are usually afraid to ask doctors. Thrush, or, in scientific terms, vulvovaginal candidiasis, is caused by yeast-like fungi of the genus Candida, which can normally be found in the human body in small quantities. There are situations when candida begin to multiply intensively and the disease "candidiasis" occurs. A common and most unpleasant complaint with vaginal candidiasis is severe itching and burning in the genital area. Also, there are abundant whitish-gray cheesy discharge, discomfort during urination and sexual intercourse. If there is discharge, then there is a thrush? All women have vaginal discharge: white, slightly yellowish, can be transparent, often odorless or have a slightly sour smell. Various factors can affect the nature of the discharge: diet, sexual activity, medications, COC use, pregnancy, and hygiene. During the menstrual cycle, the nature of the discharge also changes. Only the woman herself can say whether their character and number have changed. Therefore, if something is alarming, be sure to contact a specialist. In this case, candidiasis does not always occur with discharge. In severe cases with frequent relapses, the discharge may be scarce, and the woman is most worried about dryness, cracks in the mucous membranes in the genital area. Is it possible to infect my husband's thrush? Vulvovaginal candidiasis does not apply to sexually transmitted infections, but this does not exclude the possibility of penile candidiasis in a sexual partner. It manifests itself in the form of red rashes on the organ, which are accompanied by itching. In this case, the man will also need treatment. But if there are no complaints, then nothing needs to be done. During the treatment of candidiasis, sexual intercourse is recommended to be excluded. In addition, it should be borne in mind that vaginal creams and suppositories prescribed for the treatment of candidiasis can compromise the strength of latex condoms and diaphragms. Can you get thrush from using panty liners or taking antibiotics? In general, sanitary panty liners are safe. But some women have an increased sensitivity to the material used in hygiene products. And then there may be contact allergic dermatitis in the external genital area, violations of the vaginal microflora, candidiasis. As a rule, this reaction occurs when wearing synthetic underwear. To avoid this problem, it is better to refuse from pads, and choose cotton underwear. When washing underwear, it is advisable to use the additional rinse function, since the remains of washing powder can irritate the skin and mucous membranes. Taking antibacterial drugs can also provoke the growth of Candid fungi in the body. If thrush develops against the background of antibiotic treatment, it may make sense to take antifungal drugs in parallel. Only a doctor can prescribe them. Is it possible to go to the pool with thrush? Candidiasis is not a contraindication for visiting the pool and gym. However, chlorinated water and tight sportswear can increase the discomfort, burning, and itching sensations. Does this thrush occur in girls? Since fungi of the genus Candid are found in small quantities in any organism, thrush can develop even in girls and girls who have never had sexual relations. As a rule, the reason for this can be improper hygiene, wearing tight synthetic underwear, as well as concomitant endocrine diseases - decreased immunity, taking antibacterial drugs. How to distinguish thrush from other diseases? Thrush symptoms are not specific and may be similar to other vaginal infections. For example, bacterial vaginosis, nonspecific (aerobic) vaginitis, sexually transmitted infections (STIs). To exclude other diseases, the doctor will prescribe tests: microscopy of a smear from the vagina and culture for candida with the identification of sensitivity to antifungal drugs. The most reliable and reliable method for studying the composition of microflora is the modern test "Florocenosis" based on PCR (polymerase chain reaction). He will not miss mixed diseases when several vaginal infections occur at the same time, such as candidiasis and bacterial vaginosis. Do not try to diagnose yourself based on the results of the analysis, let alone prescribe treatment! Only a doctor can adequately assess the situation on the basis of clinical data. How to avoid thrush? Candid mushrooms are normally found in small quantities in every body, they are part of a healthy microflora. Whether they will lead to candidiasis at a certain point is an individual question and depends on various factors. To reduce the risk of thrush, you need to: Maintain daily personal hygiene using mild hygiene products, but no antibacterial soap. Refuse tight synthetic underwear and daily sanitary napkins. Avoid uncontrolled and frequent use of antibacterial, hormonal drugs. Given that often severe candidiasis with relapses occurs in people with concomitant diseases (endocrine, a problem with the gastrointestinal tract, immunodeficiencies), it is important to get treatment for the underlying disease from a specialist. Photo: Depositphotos Tired of reading? Then listen and watch! Letidor is now on TikTok!
2023 Author: Mason Barrington | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-26 18:36