It is important to understand whether a person has short-term insomnia or chronic. Mikhail Poluektov, a somnologist, head of the sleep medicine department at Sechenov University, told how to understand if a person has sleep problems. According to the expert, if the patient himself is not satisfied with his sleep, then insomnia is taking place, because insomnia is "a feeling of poor quality or insufficient sleep." “To view this in a medical context, it is necessary that insomnia occurs often enough (at least three times a week) and that these nighttime disturbances have daytime consequences, such as drowsiness, decreased performance, decreased attention, tendency to make mistakes,” the doctor explained. chatting with RT. The somnologist noted that in most cases, insomnia is a transient phenomenon. Sleep disturbance in a person occurs against a background of stress - the nervous system is agitated, so it is difficult to fall asleep. But after the stress goes away, insomnia goes away. Poluektov cited statistics according to which a quarter of people in the population have stress insomnia during the year. Short-term insomnia has no health consequences, the specialist emphasized. As for significant sleep disorders, they develop against the background of very serious disorders of the nervous system. The expert advises to consult a doctor if insomnia is constant and the person does not sleep for a week or two or three a month. Mikhail Poluektov emphasized that chronic insomnia supports itself: “A person begins to constantly worry about his sleep, he has a constant fear of bed. Psychological sensation of fear of sleep, sleep inferiority, fear that he will not be able to work normally during the day - these are the psychological factors begin to identify and maintain this insomnia, so you need to see a doctor so that he breaks this vicious circle and prescribes treatment that will allow you to quickly get out of this state. " The first step in combating sleep disturbance is to establish a more correct sleep schedule and follow the rules of sleep hygiene. For example, an hour before bedtime, provide yourself with a state of both physical and mental peace (do not watch exciting programs, do not play sports, do not burden the mind with active loads). It is important to train your body to go to bed and wake up at the same time. In addition, you should not treat the bed as a place of leisure. “The bed is a place to sleep, so you shouldn't train yourself to watch TV or work at a computer in bed. We don't even recommend reading or listening to the radio in bed. An exception is sexual activity, since there is a hormonal release, which has a positive effect on the nervous system,”said the head of the sleep medicine department at Sechenov University. By the way, recently a Russian expert told how many hours you need to sleep in order not to get sick. Photo: Depositphotos Important to know: How to teach a child to help others. 7 main tips "My 100 rubles will not help anyone." Myths and truths about charity Signs of foundations that you can give money to without fear Scale for good: how big business helps people Teach parenting in 1 minute? Easily! Subscribe to Letidor on TikTok!