Expectant mothers are often worried about whether it is possible for pregnant women to treat their teeth with and without anesthesia. They have to choose between the health of their teeth and the health of their unborn child. Most pregnant women believe that they will heal their teeth after childbirth, as a result of which they lose their teeth during pregnancy, refusing to timely treatment of the oral cavity. Why you can not refuse dental treatment during pregnancy The destructive effects of caries during pregnancy are exposed to teeth with greater force. In the female body, hormonal changes take place, as a result of which even healthy teeth often begin to deteriorate. Caries, which begins to develop in unhealed cavities, negatively affects the health of the fetus, since pathogenic bacteria in the oral cavity along with saliva enter the woman's body, as a result of which they provoke the synthesis of anti-inflammatory cytokines. This, in turn, increases the risk of premature birth and the birth of a baby with a low body mass index. It should be remembered that any infection, including dental infection, is dangerous during pregnancy. The development of purulent pulpitis and periodontitis in a pregnant woman is especially dangerous. Constant aching pain negatively affects the emotional state of the pregnant woman. To relieve pain, the body begins to actively produce hormones and adrenaline, which adversely affects the unborn child. As practice shows, immediately after giving birth, a woman cannot take care of her teeth, since a large amount of work associated with caring for a baby is piled on her. In such a situation, the mother's diseased teeth pose a particular danger to infants, whose immune systems are very weak. Through kissing a mother with untreated caries, through licking nipples or a spoon, the baby can become infected with staphylococcus and other dangerous bacteria that develop in the mouth with unhealed teeth. Is it possible for pregnant women to treat their teeth safely with anesthesia? Modern dentistry today uses various types of pain relievers, including safe ones. The earlier the expectant mother begins treatment of carious cavities, the less problems there will be with the selection of pain relievers. The expectant mother should know how teeth are treated at different periods of pregnancy. This will allow timely and without harm to the health of the unborn child to carry out timely sanitation of the oral cavity. Features of dental treatment at different stages of pregnancy The expectant mother should take into account the peculiarities of the development of the fetus at different stages of pregnancy, planning a trip to the dentist for the planned treatment of caries or relief of acute toothache. First trimester In the first trimester, doctors do not recommend taking medications, since at this time the main vital organs of the fetus are laid. Teeth can be treated in the first weeks of pregnancy, until the fertilized egg is attached to the wall of the uterus. Usually at this time, the woman still cannot know that she is pregnant, so there is no need to worry about having to have her teeth treated in the first trimester. If this happened in its first half, then the embryo will not be harmed. The danger of using medications appears from the second month of pregnancy, when the embryo begins to form the skeleton and vital parts of the body. At this time, you cannot carry out planned dental treatment. Only relief of acute conditions is allowed: flux; pulpitis; periodontitis. In a situation of development of purulent inflammation, the fetus is exposed to the same danger of infection with pathogenic bacteria. Therefore, doctors allow the provision of emergency dental care to a woman with painkillers. Second trimester From the second trimester, the formed organs of the embryo begin to grow. At this time, you can carry out a planned rehabilitation of the oral cavity of the expectant mother. Doctors even advise pregnant women to treat their teeth with pain relievers in the second trimester, without waiting for the last stage of pregnancy, when it will no longer be possible to use medications until the very birth. Many women’s teeth are severely damaged during childbearing. Even if a woman has filled all cavities in her teeth before pregnancy, it is recommended to visit a dentist in the second trimester to check the condition of her teeth. If necessary, the expectant mother will be able to heal the caries that has appeared and save her teeth from decay. Third trimester At the last stage of pregnancy, the fetus reliably protects the placenta from aggressive external influences, however, experts do not recommend visiting the dentist at this time. This is due to the fact that the well-being of the woman herself becomes very sensitive to various uncomfortable conditions, which can lead to premature birth or a deterioration in the general condition of the expectant mother. This will ultimately also negatively affect the health of the baby. Pregnant women cannot be treated with anesthesia in the third trimester from 36 weeks. At this time, the uterus rises to the sternum, and pain relievers can stimulate labor. Teeth are treated during this period of pregnancy only in case of emergency. During this period, a woman is not recommended to be in a reclining state for a long time, since in this position the load on the internal organs increases: the spine; aorta; hollow veins. If a woman has to treat her teeth in the third trimester, the dentist always sits her down with an inclination to the left side in order to reduce the load on the vessels. What pain relievers can I use? Dentists recommend that pregnant women treat their teeth with an injection of safe pain relievers. Today, for these purposes, drugs are used that contain a minimum amount of adrenaline. Most often, dentists for pregnant women use Primacaine and Ultacaine, which have very little adrenaline. These drugs are even suitable for use in the first trimester. If the expectant mother will reasonably and responsibly approach dental treatment during pregnancy, she will be able to get out of this period with minimal destruction in the oral cavity. At the same time, the sanitized mouth will be less affected by caries. Summary Pregnant women should remember the following with regard to dental treatment: Any infection is dangerous during pregnancy. Teeth can be treated during pregnancy only at the beginning of the first trimester and during the second trimester. When visiting the dentist, be sure to use a safe pain reliever. The expectant mother should be smart and responsible about dental treatment during pregnancy. This is the only way she can avoid a number of problems after childbirth.
2023 Author: Mason Barrington | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-26 18:36