In one century, women have become taller, smarter and more resilient. Both the female figure and the way of thinking have changed.
Height, weight, figure
Over the past century, women have grown. The sex symbol of the 1970s, Merlin Monroe possessed quite "complete" parameters by the standards of our time: chest and hips - 94 cm, waist - 60 cm, with a height of 162 cm and a weight of about 60 kg.
The height of the average woman who lived a hundred years ago was about 155 cm, weight - 55 kg.
Modern average female parameters: 170 cm in height and 65 kg in weight.
The typical physique of a woman of the last century is the figure of a "teenager": the shoulders are wider than the pelvis, the chest is small, the hips are narrow and the waist is not expressed. Modern women more and more often have a rectangular shape with a bias towards the "pear": wide hips, a noticeable difference in the size of the waist and shoulders. Relatively new types of figures have appeared - tall thin women with magnificent breasts and wide-hipped women - "hourglass".
The biological age of maturity, attaining menarche (first menstrual bleeding), has dropped by 0.3 years in a decade since the mid-1800s. If earlier it came at the age of 16-17, now more and more often - at 11-12. Research points to a relationship between the obesity of our contemporaries and reaching the age of maturity - girls with a higher body mass index "grow up" earlier. [C-BLOCK]
Early development can negatively affect health and contribute to the development of hypertension and diabetes. The situation is aggravated by the social consequences: in some cultures, a girl who has reached the age of puberty is already being married, which limits the possibility of continuing her education.
Health and children
Today, chronic diseases are acquired 10-15 years later than it was in the last century. There is less physical labor, which, although it trained, but aged people ahead of time. 99% of newborns survive, while 100 years ago, infant mortality was 30-50%.
Back in the 19th century, women gave birth to about 10 children during their life, half of them survived at best. Now women in developed countries give birth to one or two children, and even children with severe hereditary diseases have a chance of survival and socialization. The availability of contraception and the legalization of abortion played a significant role here.
People are now living longer than ever. They say that at 35, life is just beginning. Now imagine: Juliet's mother was 28 years old at the time of the events in the play. Anna Karenina was the same age when she died.
The old woman-pawnbroker from Dostoevsky's novel was 42 years old.
And here is how Alexander Pushkin describes Tatyana's mother Larina: "By the way, Larina is a simple, but very nice old woman." Considering that Tatyana at that time was no more than 17 years old, then her old mother was about 35. Now women, on average, live up to 70 years. The world average life expectancy for women born in 2030 is projected to reach 85 years.
University of Otago professor James Flynn has been researching intelligence and its development for many years. Flynn made a shocking statement: for the first time in 100 years, men were inferior to the "weak" on the results of IQ tests. A few decades ago, the average for women was 6 points lower, but now women have overtaken men by 12 points.
Not everyone agrees with the calculations of the New Zealand colleague.
Canadian professor Craig Kinsley believes that hormonal surges are the reason for the high results of women on IQ tests.
According to him, estrogen stimulates the growth of dendrites, which increase the activity of the brain, therefore, on certain days of the cycle, women "grow smarter", but then this ability leaves them again.
Meanwhile, Professor Flynn is already writing another book about his discovery. According to him, the world is constantly becoming more complex and requires us to adapt and progress. The female mind, due to the relatively recent need to combine family and career, is progressing faster, so the lead becomes obvious.