On New Year's holidays, alcohol flows like a river. And one glass is not enough, because the feasts last at least a week. How much and what can you drink so that you don't feel overwhelmed in the morning? Sorted out the topic with an expert.
Do not mix red with white
The hangover is familiar even to people who rarely drink alcohol - on holidays, as they say. The head is splitting, thirst is tormenting, the pulse is rapid. It is even worse when nausea and vomiting are added to the above symptoms. This also includes general weakness and decreased performance. Fortunately, most people don't work during the holidays, but alcohol intoxication certainly doesn't add to the fun. Let's figure out what leads to a hangover in most cases. First, the abuse of quantity. At a party, at a party, when alcohol flows like a river, and the company is good, you can easily go overboard.
We believe that by a certain age, everyone already knows the allowable dose of alcohol for him. This is the number of glasses, after which the mood rises, and in the morning it will definitely not be ashamed to look into the eyes of friends. In order not to face a hangover, try not to mix drinks: do not mix red wine with white, washed down with something stronger on the side. Cocktails are also dangerous: thanks to sugar, they are easy to drink, but create an additional burden on the liver. One cheerful cocktail, the second, the third, and already in the morning you are looking for salvation from a headache. To prevent this from happening:
observe the measure; alternate drinks with water. Drank a glass - then choose a glass of water; never drink on an empty stomach - this is a surefire way to get drunk quickly.
We eat right
However, any feast, party is an additional test of willpower. First, alcohol itself is high in calories. 1 gram of alcohol contains 7 kcal, for comparison, 1 gram of fat contains 9 kcal. Alcohol is twice as high in calories as protein and carbohydrates. A portion of whiskey contains more than 140 kcal, in a glass of wine - more than 120 kcal. The catch is that alcoholic libations provoke appetite, and when there are mayonnaise salads, fried meat, enticing side dishes on the table, it is very difficult to keep from overeating. Try to focus on vegetable salads and lean meats! After all, fatty food, along with alcohol, creates an additional burden on the liver.
And why do some people get drunk faster and what folk remedies are useless in the morning after a party? We asked these questions to an expert.
Contrast showers, green tea, and other tricks to help heal the effects of the party
Minaeva Anna Konstantinovna Head of the Department of Internal Medicine, gastroenterologist of the Clinical and Diagnostic Center MEDSI on Solyanka
How to calculate your alcohol dose?
“Everything is individual, a lot depends on the strength of the drink and not only. Among the factors influencing the degree of intoxication, there are weight and age, genetic characteristics, duration and amount of alcohol consumed earlier, etc.
Hepatotoxic Alcohol Doses:
for men more than 40-80 g / day of ethanol, which is 100-200 ml of vodka (strength 40 vol%), 400-800 ml of dry wine (10 vol%), 800-1600 ml of beer (5 vol%); for women, the dose is 2 times less - more than 20 g of ethanol per day is toxic to the liver.
Of course, before and during alcohol intake, one must not forget about food, since on an empty stomach, intoxication and intoxication will develop faster, this is due to the metabolic processes of ethyl alcohol in our body, its metabolism.
After any meal, the body needs to replenish energy resources.Food should be more gentle, soups and broths are great for this, and brine and raw eggs are best avoided. Brine is a good thirst quencher, but it increases dehydration as it contains salt and vinegar.
If your head breaks in the morning, you can take an anesthetic pill, but it is advisable to do this after a light breakfast, and not on an empty stomach. Nausea is a dyspeptic disorder that can occur and not only after drinking alcohol. But nausea after drinking alcohol can certainly be a sign of intoxication.
Everyone knows that the liver takes the main blow during alcoholic libations, feasts, as it plays the role of a "filter" in our body, but also do not forget that the constant intake of alcohol has a detrimental effect on other organs and can lead to diseases such as gastric ulcer, pancreatitis, etc.
How quickly is alcohol excreted from the body?
It depends on the strength of the drink and the dose of alcohol consumed. For example, in a healthy adult weighing 70 kg, two glasses of wine (up to 200-300 ml) are excreted from the body for about 8 hours."
Life hack: we take absorbents in advance
We add that it will also be useful to take care of the intake of absorbents: enterosgel, activated carbon, before a plentiful feast. The latter should be drunk at the rate of one tablet for every ten kilograms of weight. Alcohol is a toxin, absorbing drugs absorb these toxins and remove them from the body. Thus, the hangover syndrome will be significantly easier to survive. Experts emphasize that absorbents do not absorb vitamins and useful microelements together with toxic substances. That is, they do not deprive the body of the necessary calcium, which is so lacking after drinking alcohol.
And what can pregnant and lactating women do?
The first is better not to take risks and get by with soft drinks, since alcohol crosses the placenta and has a toxic effect on the fetus. The consumption of alcoholic beverages by a pregnant woman in the first trimester causes a cytotoxic effect, leading to the death of the fetus. And even before that, in the first two weeks after conception, alcohol intake can interfere with the implantation of the embryo to the wall of the uterus and lead to the termination of the onset of pregnancy, which the woman will not know about.
Breastfeeding women have indulgences. One glass of champagne will not harm you, especially if you do not plan to feed your baby in the first hour after. You can feed your baby first and then allow yourself a glass of champagne or wine.
It is known that ethanol actually penetrates into breast milk, and only a small amount of it gets into the baby's blood if the woman does not abuse alcohol. Conditionally safe are considered 150-200 ml of wine or 500 ml of weak beer.