Mass vaccination against coronavirus infection has started in Novosibirsk in mid-January. It is planned to vaccinate 60% of the region's population. So far, we are infinitely far from this indicator - only about 20 thousand Novosibirsk residents have taken root in "Sputnik V". Nevertheless, you can get in line for the vaccine today. We explain how to do it.
Step 1. Understand if you can get vaccinated
They can refuse vaccination only in two cases: if you are under 18 years old or have contraindications for health reasons. Among them are hypersensitivity to any component of the vaccine, severe allergic reactions, as well as the presence of acute infectious and non-infectious diseases. In the latter case, the vaccination should be postponed for 2-4 weeks after recovery, and then re-see the doctor to determine the hidden foci of infection.
Also, pregnancy and the period of breastfeeding are often referred to as contraindications, although opinions on this matter differ. While the memo from the Ministry of Health to pregnant women, lactating women and even those planning to conceive a child in the next three months is answered with a categorical "no", ACOG (American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology) allows vaccination of such patients.
True, in no country has the effect of the vaccine on the development of the fetus or the health of the newborn baby been studied yet. Russian Research Center named after Gamalei, who developed Sputnik V, tested its use only on offspring of animals - "in this respect, the vaccine has shown itself well."
It is strongly recommended to vaccinate people over 60 years old (although even before the New Year, over 60 years old was considered a contraindication), people with chronic diseases, as well as those working in the social sphere or in contact with a large number of people.
Do I need to vaccinate those who have already had coronavirus? There is no single answer to this question. Rospotrebnadzor specialist Alexander Gorelov advises citizens who have had COVID-19 to wait at least 7-8 months with vaccination. The reason is simple: the drugs are now available in limited quantities. Therefore, those who have protection against infection in the form of produced antibodies are not as needed as the rest of the population.
Step 2. Sign up for vaccination
For those wishing to receive the vaccine, there are three ways to register:
- through the portal of public services. To do this, it is imperative to have an OMS policy at hand to indicate its number (or series, if we are talking about old samples). You will then be given a list of vaccination points and the date and time at which you can have the procedure. However, this is only one of the options for the development of events. After registration, you may be informed about the absence of medical organizations available for registration through the State Services, and asked to sign up for a waiting list. When the turn comes, specialists will contact you;
- by calling directly to the clinic. Many institutions have set up additional lines to offload local telephony. Call-center numbers can be found on the clinic's website, they work from 8:00 to 20:00 seven days a week. The representative of the clinic will clarify whether you have felt unwell in the last two weeks, indicate free dates and times, and if there are none, they will put you on a waiting list.
- by contacting the Unified Registry - 124.
So far, you can only be vaccinated with one drug - "Sputnik V", developed by the Russian center named after Gamaleya. It belongs to the type of vector vaccines and was the first to be introduced to the domestic pharmacological market.Later, the Novosibirsk "Vector", which created "EpiVacCorona", contributed to the fight against covid infection. The third Russian vaccine - "KoviVac" from the Chumakov center - will go into civilian circulation in March.
Step 3. Select a vaccination point
You can get vaccinated not only in the clinic to which you are attached, but in general in any medical institution that has organized a vaccination point. But in this case, the process of making an appointment will take a little longer, since the doctors will need to create a new medical card in your name.
There are currently 29 vaccination points operating in Novosibirsk. All of them are located in local clinics. When a new batch of a drug arrives in the region, it is instantly distributed among institutions, but as a result, the required amount of drugs is not available in all.
The situation is best in the Kalininsky district - the youngest among the 10 districts of the city, but by no means the smallest. Despite the fact that it ranks seventh in terms of area and third in terms of population, the only local clinic is ready to vaccinate everyone as soon as possible. Patients can be scheduled for vaccination the very next day after contacting a medical facility.
In the clinics of the Zheleznodorozhny and Dzerzhinsky districts, patients are still on the waiting list. Doctors honestly report that the date of the procedure cannot yet be determined even approximately. They promise to call back in the coming days, but five days after the call, the phone continues to be meaningfully silent.
A similar situation is in the Zaeltsovsky district.
“Now we have suspended vaccination, we are putting people on the waiting list. The vaccine is supplied in small quantities. When this happens, we transfer people from the waiting list and invite them to the procedure. It is expected that in February-March we will vaccinate everyone from the list. There are no exact dates. Today they brought 100 doses - 100 people were vaccinated, which, roughly speaking, were recorded two months ago. When the vaccine will arrive, we do not know. Before that, they had been waiting for her for a week,”say employees of one of the local clinics.
Step 3. Prepare for vaccination
Going to the vaccination room is not much different from any other visit to the doctor. On X-day, you need to get a good night's sleep, exclude heavy food and fast food from the diet, and also limit physical activity and, if possible, avoid stressful situations.
The dilemma "to drink or not to drink", which the Russians faced after the statement of the head of Rospotrebnadzor Anna Popova, still remains unresolved. For example, Alexander Gintsburg, the head of the Gamaleya Center, which developed Sputnik V, advises to give up alcohol for three days before and after vaccination. In turn, the immunologist Vladislav Zhemchugov believes that the period of abstinence can range from ten to twelve hours to a day.
How much alcoholic beverages are incompatible with the vaccine is not known for certain. But, as with any drug, their interactions can reduce the effectiveness of the vaccine and lead to a weakened immune system.
When going to the clinic, you need to take your passport with you to confirm your identity, as well as an OMS and SNILS policy - to receive an electronic certificate of vaccination.
Step 4. Get vaccinated
This procedure is not unusual. You do not need to be pre-tested or tested for antibodies. Although in a number of Russian regions, antibodies are still measured before vaccination. During a personal examination, the doctor, based on your history and health, will decide for himself whether the drug is contraindicated for you or not (see step one).
The inspection takes an average of 30 minutes. Having received permission from a specialist, you go to the first stage of vaccination. Another 15 minutes will have to wait until the drug is prepared for use - it is stored frozen.
Since Sputnik V is a two-component vaccine, it is administered twice with an interval of three weeks. After the first procedure, the physician monitors the patient's condition for half an hour and, if it seems satisfactory to him, lets him go home.
On the 21st day (excluding the day of receiving the first injection), you must return to the doctor to receive the second component of the vaccine. The procedure is similar.
In the future, the patient is advised to monitor his health. Potential side effects include weakness, aches, drowsiness, fever, chills, short-term headache, and allergic reactions. If any of the above symptoms occur, you should not panic: it is absolutely normal to feel a slight malaise after the procedure. It means that the body naturally reacts to changes and builds up immunity to infection.
“After vaccination, crimping begins in seven hours. A slight temperature (37.5), headache, withdrawal and weakness. All this ends in a day after vaccination - it is stopped by a one-time intake of antihistamines and antipyretics, "Novosibirsk writer Vitaly Seroklinov told about his feelings after" Sputnik V ".
Photo: NDN.info, gov39.ru.