Large-scale vaccination against COVID-19 has begun in the region. The first to receive the drug are people from the risk group: doctors, teachers and retirees. After that, everyone can go through the procedure. Klops has collected answers to the most popular questions about the vaccination campaign.
1. How are people vaccinated now and is the drug sufficient?
People are vaccinated with Sputnik V, the first drug registered in Russia, developed by the Gamaleya Research Center. Deliveries to the Kaliningrad region began in December, when we received 3,000 doses. In January - 12,000, in February - 30,000. The volume of production and supply of vaccines will increase every month. To obtain the effect of immunization, at least 60% of the inhabitants of the region must be vaccinated. Elena Babura said that the region will reach such indicators by autumn.
Sputnik V was created on the basis of an adenoviral vector (genetically modified virus). Once in the body, it is unable to reproduce and therefore is safe and does not cause infection. Klops was told about this by a senior researcher at the Center for Immunology and Cell Technologies of the IKBFU. Kant, candidate of medical sciences, doctor-immunologist Andrey Goncharov.
2. When will universal vaccination start?
So far, doctors, teachers, retirees and people with chronic diseases, which are a risk factor for coronavirus, are being vaccinated against COVID-19. The head of the Kaliningrad Rospotrebnadzor promised that in the coming weeks vaccination will become universal: that is, anyone can get the drug.
3. Where in the region is vaccination carried out?
Today immunization of residents is carried out in polyclinics: Central City Clinical Hospital; city hospital 4 of Kaliningrad; Polessk; Mamonovo; Gusev; Ozersk; Sovetsk; Neman. The list will expand and will cover all municipalities by the end of the month.
4. How to get vaccinated?
You can get an invitation for vaccination in the personal account of the "Gosuslugi" portal. In the "Appointment to a doctor" tab, you must select the available items for vaccination against coronavirus in those constituent entities of the Russian Federation, whose medical organizations have completed the necessary technical settings. Gradually, this opportunity will appear in all regions of the country. In the Kaliningrad region, the service is in test mode.
5. Will it be possible to get vaccinated for a fee?
Until such a question is raised, the number of vaccines produced is small. In the future, it will be up to the government to decide whether to allow vaccinations in private clinics. TASS wrote about this back in August.
6. How to prepare for vaccination?
On the eve, you should not take alcohol, overheat or overcool, this creates an increased load on the body and affects the course of physiological processes - including the formation of an immune response, Rospotrebnadzor recommends.
The patient must have a passport, compulsory medical insurance policy, SNILS. Before the injection, the doctor conducts an examination. It is obligatory to measure the temperature: if it is above 37 ° C, the vaccine is not given. After the administration of the drug, the patient must stay in the medical facility for 20-30 minutes to get help if an allergic reaction occurs.
7. What other vaccines will be vaccinated besides "Sputnik V"?
EpiVacCorona will enter the region in March. The product contains neither live nor killed virus. It consists of synthetically created proteins that reproduce the peptide antigens of the S-protein of the coronavirus, associated with a carrier protein and an adjuvant (an enhancer of the immune response). Once in the body, it is captured by antigen-presenting cells (B-lymphocyte in the figure - ed.), Which trigger an immune response, accompanied by the production of protective antibodies, the formation of a pool of cells aimed at destroying the virus.
8. What are the side effects of the drugs?
"Sputnik V". According to the instructions, there may be a headache, chills, fever, swollen lymph nodes and decreased immunity.
"EpiVacCorona".During the tests, several volunteers were found to have short-term insignificant soreness at the injection site, which arose a day after vaccination and lasted for one to two days. No other undesirable phenomena were recorded, according to the Rospotrebnadzor website.
9. What are the contraindications and how to vaccinate the chronicles
Those who have had an acute coronary syndrome or stroke in the past year are not vaccinated. Contraindications are chronic systemic infections, tuberculosis, neoplasms, syphilis and HIV. Do not vaccinate pregnant and lactating mothers and children.
The procedure is contraindicated in case of hypersensitivity to any component of the vaccine; severe allergic reactions and during exacerbations of chronic diseases. "Rossiyskaya Gazeta" writes about this.
For chronic patients and other patients, the decision on vaccination is made by the attending physician based on the person's health status.
10. Can I participate in the vaccination if I am planning a child?
Need to. An important argument in favor of vaccination is the difficult course of pregnancy with the incidence of COVID-19. This was stated by the chief specialist of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation in obstetrics and gynecology, academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, professor Leila Adamyan. She also noticed that the drug has no effect on the reproductive functions of women. An interview with an expert is given by the Stopcoronavirus portal.
11. If after vaccination I have a fever, does this mean that I am infected with the coronavirus?
The vaccine itself does not cause infection. But it must be borne in mind that immunity does not appear immediately after the injection. Antibodies that protect against the virus do not begin to form until two weeks after the first vaccination. Until that time, it is quite possible to get sick and become a source of infection for others, says Rossiyskaya Gazeta.
12. If I get vaccinated, then I won’t get sick?
The vaccine reliably protects against severe disease and, in most cases, against the virus. In this case, the vaccinated person can transmit the infection to those who are not protected. And wearing a mask will prevent this.
13. How long will the vaccine protect against infection?
Alexander Gunzburg, director of the Gamaleya Institute, believes that immunity after Sputnik V will persist for two years. About "EpiVacCorona" its creators said that it forms antibodies for at least eight months, and this has already been confirmed in primates.