Pregnancy changes the body and creates unusual sensations. But when do they appear? It turns out that the first symptoms occur in many even before the delay in menstruation. Medical Note talks about the most reliable early signs of pregnancy.
This symptom usually indicates the approach of menstruation. Many people know how the breasts swell, and the nipples become especially sensitive, even to the point of soreness.
But with the onset of pregnancy, such symptoms may appear even in those who did not know such problems. And a week earlier.
The reason is increased blood flow in the breast area due to changes in the amount of hormones.
If your favorite underwear suddenly becomes uncomfortable, and the touch and friction of the nipples on the clothes suddenly began to irritate, this is one of the early signs of pregnancy.
Darkening of the areolas
Another early sign of pregnancy before a delay in menstruation, associated with the breast: the areoles darken and even increase in size.
"Pimples" on the areoles become clearly visible. These are the Montgomery hillocks. They are an important part of lactation and help keep the nipple hydrated so it doesn't dry out or get hurt.
The skin of the areolas and nipples does not always darken in the very first weeks after conception. But it is not so rare that this happens even before the delay in menstruation.
But it is impossible to predict whether the color and size will change back after childbirth and the end of breastfeeding.
Important: if the areoles not only darken and enlarge, but begin to blush or itch, a therapist and / or dermatologist is needed. This is not the norm!
Premature bleeding is one of the clearest early signs of pregnancy.
Bleeding implantation - this is the name of this phenomenon. The discharge is more scarce than with menstruation, lasts much shorter and can be either bloody or brownish.
Implantation bleeding occurs in every fourth expectant mother.
The reason for this bleeding is the introduction of the embryo into the endometrial layer. It occurs on average 6-10 days after unprotected sexual intercourse.
The fertilized ovum descends from the fallopian tube - this is where conception occurs. All pregnancies at the first stage are ectopic, tubal.
In the uterine cavity, the embryo "chooses" a suitable place and begins to attach. If there is a sufficiently large blood vessel at the implantation site, its integrity is violated, blood is released.
Constantly wants to use the toilet
Increasing daily levels of the hormone hCG, human chorionic gonadotropin, can cause increased urge to urinate.
This usually happens 2-3 weeks after conception, but it can start earlier.
The frequency of going to the toilet in the early stages can be every 30 minutes - until the body adapts to the new conditions.
Fatigue and colds
This is also included in the early signs of pregnancy.
The reason is in the changes in the body.
Immediately after the fusion of the egg and sperm, the ovum begins to secrete a special protein EPF, early pregnancy factor or early pregnancy factor.
This protein appears in the blood of the mother's body just a few hours after conception!
But to confirm pregnancy, an EPF test is performed in very rare cases, mainly when an immune factor of miscarriage is suspected.
EPF slightly reduces maternal immunity. This is necessary so that the embryo does not attack its defense system.
Due to a decrease in the immune defense, existing diseases can become aggravated, the opportunistic bacterial flora can begin to multiply actively.
This is expressed in various ailments - from colds to thrush, vaginal candidiasis.
Fatigue and drowsiness are explained by a sharp restructuring of the body - it requires more resources, prepares to grow a whole person inside.
Although most of the morning sickness begins to threaten an average of a month after conception, some women experience it much earlier.
Experts say this may be due to a deficiency in folate and B vitamins.
The manifestations of toxicosis also include an increased sensitivity to odors. Unlike nausea and morning vomiting, it begins earlier in most - and may indicate pregnancy even before the delay.
Gas and a feeling of fullness in the abdomen
Although most believe that digestive disorders - from flatulence to constipation - are a feature of the second and third trimesters, they start earlier.
Due to the increase in the level of the hormone progesterone, relaxation of the smooth muscles begins.
The main purpose of this relaxation is to prevent the walls of the uterus from resisting implantation and fetal growth.
But the hormone affects all smooth muscles, and the intestinal walls too.
This effect has a plus for gestation: nutrients stay longer in the intestinal cavity, are better absorbed, and there is less likelihood of deficiencies in various nutrients.
And in the minuses - a faster and more voluminous formation of intestinal gases in the first stages of pregnancy, and a tendency to constipation in the long term.
Draws on salty
Perverted appetite is a "classic" pregnancy. You may want anything, but usually after 6-8 weeks of pregnancy.
But the craving for salty can be justified earlier. Although not everyone's body is able to prompt this way of dealing with low blood pressure.
Blood pressure decreases under the influence of hormones. This can lead to dizziness, especially when getting out of bed.
Salt in moderation can help maintain blood pressure levels.
By themselves, nosebleeds do not indicate pregnancy - they have a lot of reasons.
But after conception, an increased blood supply to the mucous membranes begins. With fragile capillaries, insufficient air humidity, microtraumas, all this can cause sudden nosebleeds.
In combination with other early signs of pregnancy, these bleeding does not require medical attention - if they are not frequent and not prolonged.