7 Mental Disorders Associated With Eating (and How To Define Them)

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7 Mental Disorders Associated With Eating (and How To Define Them)
7 Mental Disorders Associated With Eating (and How To Define Them)

Video: 7 Mental Disorders Associated With Eating (and How To Define Them)

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Your relationship with food sometimes resembles a bad romance: you constantly think about it, try to control it, and there is no hope of a happy ending. Psychologist Elena Esner spoke about mental disorders associated with food, and the first signals that should alert you.

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Anorexia

When another celebrity suddenly loses weight dramatically, she is immediately accused of anorexia. So, Ekaterina Varnava has been trying for a long time to convince followers on Instagram that there is no need to worry about her. However, many famous people know firsthand about this mental disorder. Johnny Depp's daughter Lily Rose, who, by the way, makes a brilliant modeling career, has been struggling with anorexia for a long time. Figure skater Yulia Lipnitskaya was treated at a clinic in Europe, after which she completed her sports career.

The difference between a very thin person and an anorexic is actually colossal: the second brings the body to complete exhaustion. The expression "skin and bones" in the case of patients with anorexia, alas, is not just a metaphor. TV shows about girls weighing 35 kilograms, who were able to practically return from the other world, are gaining unprecedented ratings. Despite the fact that, according to statistics, teenage girls are most often susceptible to anorexia, men are also at risk. Actor and ex-husband of Angelina Jolie Billy Bob Thornton lost 27 kilograms for the role, and then could not establish food, and as a result was forced to turn to specialists.

Anorexia translates as "lack of appetite", which very accurately expresses the essence of a mental disorder. A person avoids food as something dangerous, harmful. The patient is not able to adequately assess his own condition: even with complete exhaustion, he finds himself overweight and tries to get rid of it. All this is aggravated by the depressive state. Without timely assistance, a fatal outcome is not excluded. So if you notice that a friend with fanaticism adheres to a new diet, spends days and nights in the gym, avoids going to cafes together, constantly examines herself in the mirror and is losing weight very sharply, you should be on your guard.

Bulimia

Sufferers of this disorder are prone to uncontrolled food intake, after which they take laxatives or induce vomiting. The disease is accompanied by low self-esteem, a constant feeling of guilt for a food breakdown, excessive self-criticism, which often leads to depressive conditions. At the same time, outwardly the patient may have a normal weight, so it can be quite difficult to determine bulimia. Princess Diana and designer Victoria Beckham have openly admitted to suffering from this mental disorder. Model Kate Moss has also made many attempts to cure her bulimia in specialist clinics.

Psychogenic overeating

It is manifested by the uncontrolled absorption of large amounts of food against the background of severe stress. However, if after breaking up with the man of your dreams you want to eat a box of chocolates to a sad melodrama, this is not a reason to see a doctor. If, after another difficult day at the office, you empty the refrigerator or eat until your stomach is heavy, although you really do not feel physiological hunger, you should think about it.

Orthorexia

Healthy lifestyle adherents may also be at risk. For the first time, physician Stephen Bratman spoke about orotorexia, that is, the obsessive desire to eat right. In the 70s of the XX century, he himself was an adherent of healthy eating: he became a vegetarian, bought only organic products, thoroughly chewed food. And suddenly he noticed that he constantly thinks only about proper nutrition and cannot communicate with those who do not share his point of view.So if you are evaluating products only on the criterion of "useful" - "not useful", and with your friends (if they still have any) discussing exclusively the benefits of green smoothies and wheatgrass, you may be on your way to orthorexia. A healthy diet in general is the best investment in quality of life, but everything needs a measure.

Drancorexia

Those suffering from this ailment are panicky afraid of gaining weight, and therefore replace food intake with alcohol. It is not surprising that such a disorder very quickly leads to alcohol dependence, and it is already necessary to be treated for it. Drancorexia is common mainly among teenage girls. Their main motive: the fight against excess weight, since alcohol, in their opinion, is less high in calories than food. In addition, alcohol intoxication often increases self-esteem and helps at least temporarily forget about troubles, including excess weight.

Allotriophagy

This disorder is also called "taste perversion." In a mild form, it is observed in pregnant women who ask her husband to make a salad of pickles, strawberries and chalk. Children and people with autism and schizophrenia are also susceptible to this ailment. In especially severe cases, patients swallow even dangerous and sharp objects: glass, nails. There are people who like to eat burnt matches, pages of books and even dust. Actress Renee Zellweger occasionally snacks on ice, and Henry Ford was not averse to trying the weeds growing near the house.

Pregorexia

It is an eating disorder in pregnant women when a woman does not accept natural physiological changes in her body and tries to maintain her weight. She deliberately refuses to eat, exhausts herself with physical activity and even resorts to taking dangerous drugs for weight loss to hide her stomach. Fans of the singer Hannah sounded the alarm due to the fact that in the pictures on Instagram the pregnant celebrity did not notice the belly, and she herself remained in great shape.

The causes of pregorexia can be a genetic predisposition, as a social factor: beauty standards imposed by glossy magazines. So, the supermodel Natalia Vodianova, three weeks after giving birth, took to the catwalk of Paris Fashion Week and showed an ideal figure.

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