Every day every person is faced with such a concept as stress. First of all, this is due to the fact that he is always in a state of emotional stress. The work schedule is scheduled for several months in advance, the lack of time negatively affects the emotional component. But despite the fact that stress has become a familiar part of our lives, we should not forget that it nevertheless has a detrimental effect on a person's physical and emotional health. Stress at work significantly reduces productivity.
By the way, scientists have proven that stress has its own power scale, which does not depend on what triggered the emotional outburst - joy or grief. Therefore, it does not matter if you received an award today or received a reprimand - your body has experienced stress. And in order not to broadcast the negativity formed in your mind to the people around you, friends, family members, it is important to be able to “discharge” correctly.
Stress, oddly enough, can have its benefits. The main ones are: mobilization of the body (activation of the cardiac system, respiration, etc.); training of the nervous system; stimulating effect on immunity. Of course, there are more disadvantages: stress can cause depressive conditions, provoke hypertension, stomach ulcers, bronchial asthma, diseases of the endocrine system, reduce efficiency, disrupt sleep, negatively affect memory and accelerate the development of chronic diseases.
Maria Gamova, master of the Department of Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University named after Mikhail Lomonosov, spoke about how to get out of the state of stress correctly.
- The first and most difficult, but quite doable: learn to manage your emotions. Change your attitude to the problem, the work assignment, the scheme of its execution. Believe me, even the most terrible event can be assessed both negatively and positively. Yes, and it is terrible only at first glance, the second will already be simpler. Learn to look at the event twice! Second. In psychology, there is such a concept - "a sense of the flow." When a person, carried away by his work, completely forgets about rest. Don't forget about a sense of proportion. Don't take on more than you can bear. To work to the best of your ability and get satisfaction from what you have done is much more enjoyable than setting high goals and being disappointed at the finish line. Third. Avoid information noise: protect yourself from unnecessary and negative information. Fourth. The circle of problems should not be closed on you! Stress cannot be dealt with one-on-one. Friends, acquaintances, colleagues, close people - these are your real helpers. Discuss your thoughts with them. Fifth. We smile! It has been proven that even if a person has a deplorable state of mind, the work of the facial muscles in the direction of a smile "turns on" the feedback mechanism genetically embedded in us and raises - "repairs" - the mood. But at the same time, it is important to think about something pleasant. Sixth. Movement is life! Exercise burns the excess adrenaline released into our bodies during stress. We swim, play tennis, do aerobics - these are the best anti-stress agents. However, regular walking will also help. The seventh and very important lesson in dealing with stress is the ability to relax. There are a lot of possibilities here, it all depends on preferences. It can be meditation, massage or walking in the fresh air, reading poems, listening to music, better than classical.