Doctors told which organs most often suffer from the coronavirus and what tests are needed for all those who have been ill.
Heart complications are observed in 50% of patients undergoing COVID-19. First of all, in the form of heart rhythm disturbances, acute and chronic heart failure.
Among the most dangerous cardiac complications of the new coronavirus infection is myocarditis, an inflammatory process in the muscle layer of the heart. Moreover, it is observed even after a mild form of infection. Its main symptoms are pain in the region of the heart, weakness, shortness of breath, cough, swelling of the extremities, dizziness. To clarify the diagnosis, it is necessary to undergo an electrocardiogram, echocardiography, MRI of the heart, as well as studies for cardiac troponins I and T, pro-BNP. This is reported by "Arguments and Facts" with reference to the therapist Kirill Belan.
Another disease that coronavirus can provoke is diabetes. The COVID-19 virus is likely to trigger type 1 diabetes in those who are genetically predisposed to the disease. It can also lead to signs of type 2 diabetes. When observing such symptoms as, for example, weakness, thirst, blurred vision, weight loss, infections of the skin and genitourinary system, slow healing of wounds, it is necessary to consult an endocrinologist, advises Candidate of Medical Sciences Yuri Poteshkin.
The tendency to form blood clots is also on the list of common consequences of COVID-19, arising from a powerful inflammatory response in the body. Due to the disruption of the coagulation system in the tissues of the body, multiple small thrombosis are formed, which impairs the blood supply to many organs. Elderly people, patients with cancer, as well as all those who have had a severe infection, are at particular risk. To assess the state of hemostasis, a coagulogram is prescribed, including a D-dimer (a marker of thrombus formation).
The next organ affected by the coronavirus is our lungs. Coronavirus pneumonia causes fibrotic changes in the lungs that reduce oxygen saturation. That is why even after 1.5-3 months after recovery, shortness of breath, cough and other symptoms may persist. Most pulmonologists believe that the body is able to cope with such consequences of infection on its own. You can only help by quitting smoking and breathing exercises.
Also, many patients who have undergone COVID-19 often experience memory impairment, attention, mood swings, insomnia, and panic attacks. There is no special treatment for such disorders - it is recommended to go for walks, rest, eat by the hour, and also get positive emotions.
The full picture of the possible consequences of the coronavirus has not yet been fully understood. Therefore, doctors recommend that it is best to get a vaccine to avoid trouble.