Specifically Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) will be plus two hours.
According to the document, Ukraine can forever remain in the "winter" time with a difference in Moscow of one hour. Currently, Moscow is one hour ahead of Ukraine.
“Every year, the transition to winter time occurs on the last Sunday of October. We hope that if the Verkhovna Rada supports this seasonal change of the clock hands will be the last, since the bill clearly stipulates that the seasonal time change does not apply,” the explanatory note says.
Earlier, the first vice-speaker of the Rada Ruslan Stefanchuk said that the document is also aimed at countering Russia. According to him, "the consolidation of a single Kiev time throughout Ukraine will strengthen our defensive positions and will contribute to the de-occupation and reintegration of the temporarily occupied territories."
History of the issue
Summer time is used in many countries in order to more efficiently use daylight hours and save energy for lighting.
The idea originated in the 18th century, when Benjamin Franklin, as an American envoy to France, anonymously published a letter suggesting that Parisians save on candles using the morning sunlight.
The first country in Europe to use daylight saving time to conserve coal during the war was Germany, introducing daylight saving time in April 1916, and its allies in World War I. Great Britain, most of its allies and many European neutral countries soon followed suit, Russia and some countries in 1917, and the United States in 1918. In many countries, posters of the same type were issued on this topic, which appealed to patriotic feelings.
As of 2018, 65 states and 10 territories apply daylight saving time.
In the northern hemisphere, summer time is used almost everywhere in the USA, Canada, Mexico (except for a number of states and provinces, for example, Saskatchewan in Canada), completely in all European countries, except Iceland, Russia and Belarus, as well as in Cuba, Morocco, Iran, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, Israel, Palestine. In the southern hemisphere, summer time is used in Australia (in a number of states), New Zealand, Chile, Brazil (in a number of states), Paraguay.
Refused to use summer time Japan, China, India, Singapore and a number of other countries, as well as some former Soviet republics.
Is it harmful to health and the economy?
Discussion about the advisability of moving the clock hands has been going on since the introduction of the current practice. By the end of the 20th century, it turned out that the economic effect of the "summer" time is minimal.
Science does not give an unequivocal answer as to whether there is a real need for daylight saving time; nevertheless, these actions have a negative impact on human health.
According to experts from the University of Helsinki, the transition to summer time has a negative impact on people-"owls" and patients with cardiovascular diseases.
Scientists from the Netherlands (University of Groningen) and Germany (Ludwig Maximilian University) in 2007 published an article in the American journal Current Biology, which analyzed the rhythm of life of 55 thousand people. It turned out that the body in most cases did not adjust to the new time, but lived in the old way.
According to a study by the Russian Academy of Sciences, during the transition to a new time in young children and the elderly, stress reactions, disturbances in sleep patterns, the activity of the cardiovascular and immune systems, and metabolic processes are noted.
And according to a study by the Karolinska Institute of Medicine in Stockholm, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, switching to daylight saving time increases the risk of myocardial infarction by 5% in the first week, and the greatest increase in the number of heart attacks occurs in the first three days. On the contrary, when switching to winter time, the risk decreases, but to a lesser extent.
Studies conducted in Kazakhstan before the cancellation of summer time in 2005 showed that the use of summer and winter time "definitely affects the social factor, leads to an increase in the incidence of the population, an increase in road accidents, an increase in industrial injuries."
Doctors believe that the spring time shift is worse than the autumn time, since the human body is weakened after winter.