What You Need To Know About Facial Maceration

What You Need To Know About Facial Maceration
What You Need To Know About Facial Maceration

Video: What You Need To Know About Facial Maceration

Video: What is SKIN MACERATION? What does SKIN MACERATION mean? SKIN MACERATION meaning & explanation 2022, December
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In short and simple, maceration is swelling and wrinkling of the skin upon prolonged contact with water. The process is natural and not a disease, it is not dangerous for humans, with some exceptions. “Maceration can also be caused by excess fluid in the tissues, in the epidermis. It can occur if you have oily skin, problem skin with acne or post-acne, or rosacea. As a result, there is a strengthening of the vascular network on the face, that is, the germination of blood vessels, capillaries,”says Lyudmila Suvorina, dermatologist, cosmetologist, antiaging medicine doctor at the Swiss Beauty Clinic.

“The mixture of moisturizing substances or water on the skin loosens its upper stratum corneum, it softens and swells a little. This is a normal physiological process that can be observed if you take a bath for 20-30 minutes, swim in the pool, "explains Irina Kosheleva, cosmetologist, dermatologist of the clinic of aesthetic medicine" Premium Aesthetics ".

Can maceration occur from increased skin hydration?

Maceration can form with improper care when many moisturizing, nourishing ingredients are applied to oily skin. “It can also arise as a result of improper procedures: where we need to use acids, alkalize the skin, the skin becomes soaked. It becomes more moist, more sebum forms on it, but it needs to be removed, on the contrary,”says Lyudmila Suvorina.

Among the signs of increased skin hydration are enlarged pores in the morning, dullness, friability. “It is possible to more accurately determine the presence of maceration after 3D imaging on the Antera apparatus, in which a specialist can determine the state of the lipid barrier of the skin and its moisture content,” says Christina Drykina, dermatovenerologist, cosmetologist at the CIDK clinic.

“Maceration can occur after laser treatments such as Fraxel or CO2 laser. All of these procedures are associated with skin damage. After they are carried out, doctors always recommend applying certain agents that accelerate rehabilitation. Moreover, they should be applied a certain number of times and in a fairly thin layer. However, many patients feel tight and dry after the procedures, apply a fairly thick layer, thinking that this will accelerate the recovery of the skin. In fact, they only worsen the situation, soaking the skin, disrupting its protective layer and provoking complications,”says Irina Kosheleva.

How harmful is maceration to the skin?

Maceration of the skin does not pose a threat if its signs completely disappear within an hour. “The problem is that softening the upper layer of the epidermis significantly reduces the protective functions of the skin,” warns Kristina Drykina.

“If there are no skin diseases, the local immunity of the skin is not lowered, then maceration is harmless. With a constant and long-term such condition, skin infections, dermatitis, mycoses, bedsores, exfoliation of the surface layer of the skin and other problems that require the help of specialists can occur,”says Natalya Abramova, trainer-cosmetologist at Methode Cholley.

“Maceration leads to increased blood circulation, disruption of pH and damage to the stratum corneum, epidermal and lipid barriers of the skin. For example, in the case of oily and couperose skin, maceration can lead to acne. Also, I would not advise using a night cream on skin with acne, because at night the skin starts to work actively, sebum is released, and it turns out that it gets wet,”says Lyudmila Suvorina.

How to understand that pathological maceration has occurred?

In fact, it is a gateway for infections. The fact is that with excessive softening of the upper layer of the epidermis, we violate the natural protective properties of the skin.“The cells of the upper layer of the skin are slightly separated from each other, forming a 'gate' through which any substances or microorganisms from the surface of the skin can penetrate into its deep layers. And this is fraught with inflammation, eczema, dermatitis. Do not forget that there is enough conditionally pathogenic microflora on the surface of the skin, which, penetrating inside, can cause various infectious lesions - bacterial or fungal, - explains Irina Kosheleva. - There may be a feeling of a film on the skin, there is a desire to cleanse the skin all the time. In certain areas of the face, you can notice a change in the skin: dryness, flaking, redness. These are the areas of the eyebrow, chin, nasolabial folds - the so-called T-zone. Often, such conditions are confused with the manifestations of vitamin deficiency, but in fact it can speak just about excessive maceration."

How to deal with maceration?

Use moisturizers wisely. Serum and cream are enough for daily care. “You shouldn't use masks every day, even if you have a feeling that your skin is undernourished. Keep them on the skin for as long as indicated in the instructions. Prefer gel and cloth masks over creamy texture masks. Replenish your lipid barrier with home care or in-clinic treatments suited to your skin type. For these purposes, light acid peels, skin care cosmetics with substances that will help to patch the hydrolipid mantle, for example, with squalene (preferably from shark liver, not vegetable) or ceramides, advises,”advises the dermatologist of the Premium Aesthetic Medicine Clinic.

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