Why We Gain Overweight: Top 12 Reasons

Why We Gain Overweight: Top 12 Reasons
Why We Gain Overweight: Top 12 Reasons

Video: Why We Gain Overweight: Top 12 Reasons

Video: Why do we get fat - Why do we gain weight as we get older? - How To Lose Weight 2022, December
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"How to lose weight?" - we start asking ourselves this question from the age of 7, when we go to school, compare ourselves with peers or discover the ideal world of social networks. We suggest taking a step back, asking: “How not to gain weight? Or how to keep it? " - and analyze the reasons leading to its excess. The editorial staff of WMJ.ru talked with a psychologist about the main factors and habits that lead to weight gain.

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Natalya Babanova psychologist, specialist in dealing with eating disorders

1 Eating habits and behavior

This factor plays, perhaps, the main role in the occurrence of excess weight. Our habits begin to appear even in utero, then we ourselves form them from birth, year after year drawing this picture together with our parents: - how we eat - at the table or in front of the TV, with the whole family or alone; - how we prepare food - fry, steam, boil, add mayonnaise and so on; - what daily rituals do we prefer - drinking tea with something sweet after dinner, or chewing chips in front of the TV; - as we are used to seeing our festive table - we rely on caviar sandwiches or Greek salad.

It is worth noting that since we accumulate these habits all our lives, for example, for 40 years, it will not be possible to get rid of them within 2-4 weeks. And if it does, then, alas, not for long and at too high a cost - an increase in the level of stress. Such major changes are best done in stages together with a dietitian and psychologist.

2 Lifestyle

Lifestyle is a key factor in shaping human health. For example, how long do you work, what do you do - physical or mental work, how do you get to work - by public transport, a private car, or even walk most of the way on foot. Do you have a nanny, a housekeeper, who takes some of the care activity onto herself, how do you spend your free time, do you know how to relax without the help of alcohol and food, what kind of rest or leisure do you prefer, and so on. This is how physical activity is gained drop by drop in a day. Some spend 1200 kcal per day, while others spend 2000 - and that's not counting sports. Each habit has its pros and cons - the issue of changing them must be approached rationally and together with a specialist.

It seems to many that with age, metabolism is to blame for weight gain, which treacherously slows down. However, this is not entirely true - we just move less. Do you remember yourself as a child, when you spent the whole day on the playground, crawling on the cobweb, playing dodgeball, football, pioneerball, table tennis? Electric scooters and segways drive these days.

By the way, metabolic processes begin to slow down only after 40 years, at a rate of 2-3% every 10 years, - noted the expert on eating habits.

4 Seizing feelings and emotions

We are often unable to distinguish between physiological needs for food and thirst and personal, or social, needs. For example, if we are sad, nervous, lonely, our heart is broken, we are scared - we start eating everything from sweet to salty, drinking alcohol. Ever since infancy, we were taught that a child is crying - he is hungry, which means that he quickly needs food, a pacifier, breast, candy. This is how we grow, not knowing how to separate hunger from other needs, and therefore it can be difficult to convey in words our state, to tell out loud about what you feel, and to understand how to solve the problem without extra calories.

5 The body's response to stress

We are all different, someone has a successful experience of overcoming stress, built personal boundaries, trust in oneself and in the world.In this case, the stress is overcome in a natural way: we feel that the boundaries are violated, the physiological processes of the "hit-and-run" program are launched, the problem is solved, the body's natural recovery takes place, and then rest.

If the system of psychological self-support is weak, avoidance behavior is observed that excludes obstacles, feelings are suppressed, personal boundaries are blurred, a ban on healthy aggression is built - there is no general understanding that the body has been under stress for a long time. In this case, we want to switch to the stage of "relaxation, recovery, serotonin pleasure", bypassing the previous stages, and most importantly - without solving the problem in reality.

At the expense of food, internal balance is restored, a kind of artificial sedation and pacification. As a result, a stage of increased stress begins due to the fact that problems are not solved, true needs remain unmet, and tension is created. In addition, weight increases, a feeling of guilt appears, self-esteem decreases, self-punishment is in progress - so the circle is closed, and the extra pounds have come.

6 Excessive food restrictions

Maya Plisetskaya also said: "You don't need diets, you need to eat less!" With the advent of megapopular bloggers promoting a particular diet, the restrictions have become many times greater. One blogger is against gluten, another against fats in the diet - and you end up on a keto diet, gluten, protein and fat free, that is, on only water. I wonder how long you can hold out without breakdowns and not die?

But let us recall that the great Plisetskaya was still from the “toxic environment” of ballerinas, where mega-high demands are made on the body, which means that we divide the advice by two. However, fashionable Instagram bloggers often have nothing to do with the world of science and nutrition. Therefore, when we artificially, at the behest of others, deprive ourselves of fruits, dairy products, gluten, then we draw ourselves senseless restrictions that accumulate, eventually leading to breakdowns and gaining even more kilograms - any extra input tires our will. Approach the restrictions as scrupulously and gently as possible - use the recommendations given to you, which are clinically proven or dictated specifically by your body. And "diet" is not necessary here.

7 Impulsiveness when choosing food

Often, especially on weekdays, many have a meal on the run: we order food in a restaurant or stand with a tray, talking with a colleague, discussing work details, not noticing what we have chosen and how hungry we are. If we eat alone, then by all means with a phone in our hands. We also teach children from infancy to eat and look at the screen - all this interferes with awareness not only when choosing food, but also leads to the fact that we simply overeat. Imagine that you stopped feeling hunger, not satisfying it in time, and mistakenly begin to believe that the process of losing weight is underway. And in the evenings, when you come home, you will be attacked by a brutal hunger, which you satisfy in order to just calmly go to bed. And hello to extra pounds.

8 Poor sleep and fatigue

We eat up the lack of sleep, as the body compensates for fatigue with food. Sleeping less than 5.5 hours a day results in an average of over 6 kg per year. Take care of your 8-9 hour sleep. By the way, there is still no need to eat at night, as well as to spend the evenings with a plate of popcorn watching your favorite TV series. If you find yourself in a situation where hunger due to a missed meal does not allow you to fall asleep, then it is really worth eating something light and drinking hot tea.

9 Stigma overweight

Overweight people often face condemnation, disgust, pity, and social rejection. Often this can be heard not only on social networks, but also from doctors in medical centers: "Have you seen your weight ?!", "Mouth must be sewn up!", "All fatty is anti-sexual!" Instead of looking at obesity as a disease, an overweight person is considered weak, weak-willed, indecisive. All this leads to the fact that, feeling stigmatized, rejected, and sometimes pressure from childhood, they begin to seize this stress even more.

10 Endocrine disorders

Diseases such as hypothyroidism, Cushing's syndrome can cause excess weight. But to blame everything on hormones, without taking any action, is wrong.At best, you simply hid the still uncritical diagnosis behind a deception, and at worst, you let a dangerous disruption in the work of the endocrine system go by itself. Pass the necessary tests, visit an endocrinologist and undergo the prescribed therapy. The principles of a healthy diet are often compatible with the treatment of a particular disease, and hormonal imbalance is not a verdict.

11 Taking medication

Some medications, such as hypoglycemic (thiazolidinediones), antipsychotics (clozapine, risperidone), antidepressants (tricyclics), anticonvulsants, steroids, b-blockers (anaprilin), and others, also have an effect on weight gain. If it is not possible to change the group of drugs, of course, only by agreement with the attending physician, of course, it will be more difficult to lose weight. Nevertheless, after taking the course, weight can be restored with those simple steps that are indicated first in this list.

12 Genetic predisposition

If at an early age the child's body mass index is higher than normal, while mom or dad were also strong kids, then it is quite possible that we are dealing with genes. However, this kind of genetic factor has a rather low probability - no more than 4%.

In any case, do not rush to get tested or scold grandmothers: recommendations on nutrition and healthy lifestyle are the same for everyone, regardless of test results or your family history. Lifestyle and eating habits are the main factors in maintaining a healthy weight.

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