Divorced And Went To The Internet For Treatment: How COVID-19 Changed Russian Society

Divorced And Went To The Internet For Treatment: How COVID-19 Changed Russian Society
Divorced And Went To The Internet For Treatment: How COVID-19 Changed Russian Society

Video: Divorced And Went To The Internet For Treatment: How COVID-19 Changed Russian Society

Video: COVID-19 infections surge in Russia | Focus on Europe 2022, December
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After a pandemic, the world will never be the same. This phrase can be heard everywhere. It is repeated by politicians, doctors, scientists, economists. The coronavirus has become the main challenge of 2020. He influenced all spheres of life - health care, education, tourism, interpersonal relationships. Experts told NEWS.ru why the COVID-19 pandemic has become a litmus test for many pressing problems of society - from a shortage of doctors to a deep crisis in family relations.

There have been epidemics in the world before, but for the first time in many centuries there has been such a rapid and large-scale spread of infection across all continents, the head of the neurosurgery department of the Moscow State University clinic told NEWS.ru in an interview with NEWS.ru. Lomonosov, Candidate of Medical Sciences Aleksey Kashcheev. According to him, the healthcare systems of Russia and other countries were not ready for such a turn of events. The pandemic "very clearly outlined the pros and cons of all health care systems," including the Russian one, the expert said.

The strength of the epidemiological school, but the lack of personnel

Among the positive aspects, the physician noted the "humanity of Russian medicine." Our doctors have shown enthusiasm and responsibility. They helped people even at the risk of their own lives. This increased the prestige of the medical professional in the eyes of society.

The well-coordinated work of the country's epidemiological service was also a pleasant surprise for many. Alexey Kascheev is sure that the thoughtful actions of doctors helped prevent many deaths.

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Author: Alexey Kashcheev [Head of the Department of Neurosurgery at the University Clinic of the Moscow State University. Lomonosov, candidate of medical sciences]

The Russian epidemiological school for infectious diseases is one of the strongest in the world. This has been proven this time too. Still, the measures that were taken during the initial outbreak turned out to be quite effective, they were able to slow down the infection. This gave us a less shocking first wave mortality.

The coronavirus pandemic also revealed the shortcomings of Russian medicine. Thus, the huge difference in healthcare between large cities and small towns has become a serious problem. The latter lacked personnel, beds, medicines and facilities. Because of which, people from the provinces rushed to the federal centers for treatment, creating an even greater threat of the spread of infection.

At the same time, the COVID-19 epidemic has become an incentive for the development of telemedicine in many countries, but not in Russia. The law "On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation on the Application of Information Technologies in the Field of Health Protection" entered into force three years ago. The pandemic has demonstrated that it is "not entirely viable and needs improvement," Kashcheev said. For example, according to the law, if a doctor has not seen a patient in person, he cannot prescribe therapy for him. In conditions of isolation and re-profiling of institutions, it was almost impossible to get an appointment with a doctor. Because of this, Russians began to look for recommendations on treatment on social networks.

There has been a sharp increase in the number of groups on social networks where people cluster about their diseases. They ask doctors questions and get answers to them. Also, during the pandemic, medical or paramedical forums became popular. These things are not regulated by law. And this, of course, is not very good - it creates a feeling of insecurity for both patients and medical workers.

Many Russians have practiced self-medication. When routine medical care became unavailable, their numbers increased.Doctors still feel the consequences of such destructive treatment. According to Kashcheev, doctors are faced with a flow of patients with diseases in the late stages. In the spring and summer, they were unable to seek qualified help and lost precious time.

At the same time, Russian health care paid a high price for mobilization in the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic - opportunities for planned treatment of other diseases were missed, Fedot Tumusov, first deputy chairman of the Duma Health Protection Committee, told NEWS.ru. This greatly affected the health of the population and mortality.

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Author: Fedot Tumusov [State Duma Deputy from Yakutia]

We took preventive measures that helped us to meet this infection with dignity. This omission hit all citizens very hard. Especially for those who suffer from chronic diseases.

During the coronavirus pandemic, the staffing problem in medicine became acute, Tumusov added. Many doctors either died from COVID-19, or were “out of order” for a long time. There was simply no one to treat people.

The main task for the near future is the development of herd immunity, Tumusov reports. This must be achieved through mass vaccination. When it is purchased, Russian medicine will come out of the crisis. The planned treatment of patients will resume in the same volume.

The health of Russians was undermined not only because of the inaccessibility of medical care. The pandemic and its consequences in the form of restrictions on free movement and visiting sports facilities have also caused diseases, endocrinologist and nutritionist Alexei Kalinchev said in an interview with NEWS.ru

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Author: Alexey Kalinchev [endocrinologist and nutritionist]

People stopped playing sports or at least seriously reduced their usual volumes. They began to eat more junk food due to chronic stress for various reasons: the economic crisis, the loss of a job, the rise in price of everything due to the growth of the euro and dollar rates. Many added alcohol abuse to this.

Even after the restrictions were lifted and the gyms were opened, people did not return to them. The halls are half empty. One of the possible reasons is pessimistic mood, the doctor said. Russians do not expect improvements in their lives, the motivation to keep themselves in good shape has disappeared. Scheduled vacations are in question. Namely, they motivated many to train regularly.

Insulation test

Not only the physical, but the mental health of Russians has been shattered as a result of the pandemic. Many families have collapsed due to the round-the-clock stay of spouses and children within the four walls. As psychoanalyst Lyudmila Polyanova said in a conversation with NEWS.ru, in order to maintain healthy relationships, it is important that each family member goes out into society and communicates with other people. Even animals that live in pairs have this practice. Partners go about their business, and then meet in a common area.

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Author: Lyudmila Polyanova [psychoanalyst, director of the psychological center "Personality"]

People are tired of each other. Because imprisonment is the most serious punishment and torture. And family is joy and love. Juice is good, but juice concentrate is bad. There was an overabundance of communication in isolation. A sense of threat and danger from the outside world also added fuel to the fire.

In the past few months, the work of psychologists and psychotherapists has been in demand more than ever, says Polyanova. People are looking for help to restore broken relationships, survive a divorce without harming their psyche, and improve relationships with children. Homeschooling has provoked more than one family scandal.

The pandemic had the most negative impact on the psyche of the elderly, the expert said. The old people were singled out as a "special class". They were forbidden to leave the house, they were frightened by COVID-19, the children stopped coming to their parents.The elderly, who are already deprived of social contacts, were completely cut off from the world. This provoked a wave of depression, which could not but affect the physical condition.

It is the depressed mental state that has caused many strokes and heart attacks in older people. Emotional experiences always serve as a trigger for exacerbation of circulatory system problems. They increase blood pressure and promote the release of cortisol, a stress hormone, into the body, clinical psychologist Valentin Denisov-Melnikov told NEWS.ru.

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Author: Valentin Denisov-Melnikov [clinical psychologist and sexologist]

People were in a state in which they had never been. In a state of permanent fear. For several months they were intimidated by possible infection. In addition, many have lost their jobs or significantly "sagged" in income. This could not leave anyone indifferent.

They spoke differently

The Russian language is flexible and adapts to the realities of the changing world. Wars, coups and events on a national scale have always brought new words and turns to colloquial speech. The COVID-19 pandemic is no exception. Words that used to be scientific terms known to a narrow circle of specialists have entered into the everyday life of Russians, Russian philologist Doctor of Philosophy Hasan Guseinov told NEWS.ru. For example, "coronavirus", "antibodies", "lung damage", "sanitizer", "respirator". From them comic forms were formed, for example "kovidla" and "antidela".

The epidemiological situation has updated forgotten terms from the past, Russian historian and philologist Vladimir Rudakov said in a conversation with NEWS.ru. For example, "pandemic", "quarantine", "herd immunity". A year ago, these definitions were not heard. Many did not understand what they meant. Now the words are known and used by everyone.

Also, Russians of all ages have learned many technical terms that were previously known to a narrow circle. Self-isolation facilitated online communication. Therefore, people learned the names of messengers, specialized programs and mobile applications, the expert said. Also, in the past year, many elderly people have mastered a new communication format - using modern technologies. Millions of grandparents in Russia have learned how to use instant messengers and video communication programs.

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