At the beginning of spring, sales of vitamin complexes increase. Together we notice brittle nails, dull hair, dehydrated skin or rashes, drowsiness, fatigue - in such cases, it is customary to talk about vitamin deficiency. You can't get rid of it with proper nutrition and proper sleep. And before you buy a multicomplex at a pharmacy, you should consult with a specialist. Otherwise, either down the drain, or even worse - the treatment of vitamin deficiency can cause other, more serious diseases.
Natural and synthetic
RAW - vitamins, or raw (natural) vitamins, are more easily absorbed by the body, and accordingly shorten the course of treatment and have a more positive effect. Synthetic vitamins differ in more affordable prices, however, their benefits are much less, since the chemical composition of their components practically does not bind with the organic matter of the body, they are poorly absorbed. It is also worth understanding that after a month of consuming synthesized vitamin complexes, the body practically loses its ability to absorb vitamins from food. Therefore, when choosing the latter, you need to pay attention to the composition, giving preference to the naturalness of the components and the body's needs for certain groups of vitamins.
What is important to remember
There is an opinion that dry skin indicates a lack of vitamins A, B, C, however, during the heating season, when the air in the room is dry, or with insufficient fluid intake, hard tap water, improper selection of care cosmetics or a sharp change in temperature conditions - dry skin is a completely natural phenomenon, and excessive use of vitamin complexes can only harm the body.
Weight gain, weakness, deterioration in mental activity are attributed to a lack of vitamin C, but this is not the correct definition. Since all of the listed symptoms may indicate a completely different problem, for example, with the thyroid gland. Before deciding to take a vitamin course of treatment, you should consult a specialist for advice. An endocrinologist can correctly determine which vitamins your body needs and prescribe a course of admission in the correct doses.
Makarova Svetlana Aleksandrovna endocrinologist of the Central Clinical Hospital "Russian Railways-Medicine", Candidate of Medical Sciences
What is the danger of an excess of vitamins
“An excess of vitamins, which is called hypervitaminosis, is a dangerous consequence for the body and can lead to increased excitability, tachycardia, arrhythmias, allergic reactions, dyssomnia, nausea, and persistent headaches. For example, an overdose of vitamin B1 can cause anaphylactic shock, B3 - lead to muscle pain and disturbances in the cardiovascular system, an excess of B6 leads to confusion and increased acidity of gastric secretions, D - arrhythmias, renal failure, hypertension. Excessive amounts of the vitamin can result in nausea, vomiting, photophobia, muscle and joint pain, and diarrhea. Excess vitamin C also leads to nausea, flatulence, vomiting, intestinal cramps, and other more serious consequences. What tests should I take?
Based on this, in order to determine the required course of taking vitamin complexes, the specialist will prescribe a clinical blood test for you, and already focusing on:
for coagulability, leukocyte count, hemoglobin, cholesterol and ESR (erythrocyte sedimentation rate) will understand what exactly the body lacks.
You can also pass:
blood chemistry, vitamin status tests, and the content of trace elements in the body. Then, starting from the indicators of weight, gender and age, the direction of treatment or prevention of admission, the doctor is able to correctly prescribe the frequency of admission, the time frame and choose the right vitamin complex."
Who is more suitable for?
“Everyone knows that pregnant women and the elderly need vitamins. As a rule, in the case of pregnancy, the body's need for certain trace elements increases by 30%. In this case, there is a need for an additional intake of B vitamins, in particular B9, which promotes active cell division. Vitamin A takes an active part in the formation of the skeleton, E - promotes the formation of the placenta, C - forms the immune system of the fetus, other trace elements are also needed to prevent the risk of anemia in a pregnant woman and improve the formation of the thyroid gland in a child.
In old age, vitamins become necessary due to the physiological characteristics of the body, in particular: a decrease in the volume of water and minerals, a decrease in the number of mitochondria in the cells that produce energy, oxygen deficiency, and a slowdown in protein, fat and carbohydrate metabolism. Naturally, in the presence of all these factors and not quite proper nutrition and lifestyle, most people of retirement age need all 13 vitamins that contribute to the normal functioning of the body. Among them, 5 main ones can be distinguished: A B C E and D. They should be present in the complexes chosen by the elderly."