Doctors Dispel Breast Cancer Myths

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Doctors Dispel Breast Cancer Myths
Doctors Dispel Breast Cancer Myths
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Much has been written about breast cancer. On the Internet, there are many conjectures and unscientific assumptions regarding the reasons why this disease occurs. We asked for help to understand this topic and dispel absurd myths about breast cancer, oncologist of the OncoStop project, candidate of medical sciences Ekaterina Valerievna Chernov.

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Cancer is a disease of women from 40-50 years old

This is definitely a myth. A malignant tumor in the mammary glands can occur in a woman at any age.

If there is a lump in the breast, it is cancer

Lumps in the mammary glands can be both benign and malignant. Benign include various variants of the nodular form of fibrocystic disease, cysts, intraductal papillomas, nipple adenomas, fibroadenomas, and so on.

Mastopathy can develop into cancer

Fibrocystic disease is possible only with the help of a biopsy of the breast lump during its morphological examination.

Mammography due to strong radiation can trigger cancer

The X-ray dose received during mammography is negligible and cannot harm the body. This is evidenced by many studies on the effect of mammography on the risk of developing breast cancer. Otherwise, this diagnostic method would be prohibited. Most importantly, regular screening with mammography is a proven and effective method of screening for breast cancer, capable of detecting cancer at an early stage, when the disease has the best prognosis for the patient's treatment and life.

The larger the breasts, the higher the risk of developing cancer

Among the causes of the disease, the main ones are genetic predisposition, the first birth after the age of 30, early onset of menstruation, primary infertility, the onset of menopause after the age of 55, breast trauma, irregular sex life and others. Breast size has nothing to do with breast cancer risk.

Implants affect the formation of malignant tumors

There is no research to prove this claim. It should be noted that the choice of implants is carried out by a plastic surgeon in accordance with the initial and planned size of the mammary gland, taking into account the absence or presence of pathology in it, according to strict indications, individually in each case. Incorrect selection and installation of implants can lead to a number of complications.

An underwired bra promotes cancer

Underwear cannot cause cancer. However, you should carefully choose a bra: it should be comfortable, suitable in size, made of high-quality fabric, and fit well to the body. Such underwear will not harm the mammary glands, and while wearing it, there will be no pain and discomfort in the chest.

Antiperspirants can trigger cancer

No research has proven that antiperspirants cause cancer. However, some women may experience an allergic reaction due to individual intolerance to the components that make up these cosmetics. In this case, you will need to consult an allergist or dermatologist.

Excessive coffee consumption increases the risk of cancer

There is currently no evidence that coffee can cause cancer. There are many studies published on the effect of coffee on the risk of developing cancer in various locations. This topic is hotly debated in the medical community, and research on this issue is actively ongoing.

Cancer appears only in women at risk

It is impossible to say with absolute certainty that a woman from the risk group will definitely develop a malignant tumor.However, everything is individual: the chance of its development can be much higher than the general population. It also cannot be argued that women who are not at risk will never develop oncopathology.

It is important to be aware of the individual risk of developing breast cancer. To determine it, a genetic blood test and testing based on a mathematical model are used, for example, the Gale model, which is aimed at women 35 years and older and helps determine the risk of the disease within 5 years. You also need to know your heredity: which blood relatives and at what age had cancer.

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