Nutrition, Heredity Or Metabolism: Why Does A Child Gain Weight

Nutrition, Heredity Or Metabolism: Why Does A Child Gain Weight
Nutrition, Heredity Or Metabolism: Why Does A Child Gain Weight

Video: Nutrition, Heredity Or Metabolism: Why Does A Child Gain Weight

Video: What is Metabolism? 2022, November

Does he eat a lot? Moving a little? The reasons for being overweight can be much less commonplace.

Overweight can be a consequence of diseases of both endocrine and cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, reproductive and other systems.

Do not be afraid, it is important to suspect the disease in time and carry out a diagnosis. Yulia Sergeevna Latynina, an expert of clinical laboratory diagnostics LabQest, tells in more detail.

When to sound the alarm

It is extremely important to consider the age of the child. So, if an excess of body weight is observed in a preschooler, it is very likely that the weight will normalize when the diet is adjusted. If adolescents are overweight, this increases the risk of developing obesity in the future. Excess weight will affect the production of sex hormones during puberty, which, in turn, will affect all types of metabolism, in particular carbohydrate and fat.

When food is to blame

Children's nutrition should be formed taking into account energy costs. If you notice even a slight increase in body weight, contact your endocrinologist or nutritionist to calculate an individual meal plan.

The doctor will take into account not only the age and weight, but also the child's mobility during the day, mental and physical activity.

Moreover, the specialist will definitely assess the hereditary predisposition to excess weight.

The risk of obesity in children whose parents were overweight is usually 30% higher than in children whose parents were of normal weight.

How metabolic disorders affect

When talking about excess weight, the term "metabolic syndrome" is often used, which characterizes a complex of metabolic, hormonal and clinical disorders.

To make this diagnosis, it is important to evaluate a number of parameters. There are large and small criteria for metabolic syndrome.

The big ones include:

Insulin resistance: to assess the presence of a violation, you can use a special study - the HOMA index. As part of this laboratory analysis, glucose and insulin are assessed, their ratio is determined, which makes it possible to calculate the insulin resistance index.

Diabetes mellitus of the second type. For the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus, a comprehensive examination with an assessment of insulin, C-peptide, antibodies to beta cells of the pancreas and other parameters can be used.

Other disorders of carbohydrate metabolism, for example, impaired glucose tolerance, which can also be detected by laboratory diagnostics, for example, fasting glucose and with exercise (glucose tolerance test).

Small criteria include:

Arterial hypertension, which must be assessed by a cardiologist. Moreover, an accurate diagnosis usually requires an in-depth examination with blood pressure monitoring throughout the day.

Dyslipidemia is a violation of fat metabolism with a change in the amount of lipoproteins of various densities can be detected using a lipid profile. As part of the study of lipid metabolism, the concentration of cholesterol, triglycerides, VLDL, LDL, HDL is determined.

By violation of the ratio, we can talk about the cause of the change - nutritional disorders or genetic factors affecting lipid synthesis.

Body mass index - the calculation is based on the height and body weight of the child.

Thus, you should be prepared for the fact that when contacting a specialist for excess weight in a child, you may be offered a comprehensive examination, including both instrumental and laboratory studies.

Of course, in most cases, already at the stage of examination, the child will be recommended nutrition according to the chosen diet and increased physical activity.

After receiving the results of the examination, the recommendations can be supplemented, including medications, can be included.

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