TOKYO, 13 Aug - RIA Novosti. The Japanese practically do not suffer from overweight, and in the near future they are not threatened, thanks to the lifestyle and dietary habits, which RIA Novosti told RIA Novosti researcher and nutritionist of the State Institute of Health and Nutrition of Japan Hidemi Takimoto.
At lunchtime and in the evenings, when the Japanese are ending a long and busy working day, in other restaurants and cafes in Tokyo and other cities you have to wait in line - there are no free tables. The Japanese eat a lot and, it seems, everything, without caring about their figure at all.
On TV and radio, programs are broadcast daily, the main theme of which is food, and travel guides for tourists in Japan and other countries are mainly devoted not to what to see, but to where and what to eat.
However, walking the streets of Japanese cities, you can hardly notice someone who is overweight.
"Although food consumption has risen rapidly since the period of malnutrition in the immediate aftermath of World War II, the distinguishing feature of the Japanese is that their fat intake has not increased," said Hidemi Takimoto, who analyzes data on Japanese nutrition and obesity.
“Perhaps another reason is that there are few urban residents who use cars and they have a lot of physical activity,” the scientist says.
According to Takimoto, the Japanese ate almost no meat after World War II, but after the war they began to eat it, and now they consume a lot of fish and meat food.
"Salt has become even less, and the number of those suffering from high blood pressure has decreased. Therefore, if the cause of death of the Japanese was largely cerebral-vascular diseases, they gradually decrease," she notes.
Indeed, if you look at official figures from the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, cerebrovascular disease was the leading cause of death in Japan until 1980. However, since then, oncological diseases have taken the first place and mortality from them is constantly increasing.
However, with regard to obesity, so far there are no alarming trends, although the Japanese dietary habits are changing.
"I think the big change in nutrition is because the Japanese are eating more ready-to-eat foods. Fortunately, there are no more overweight children, so I don't think there will be more obese children in Japan any time soon," Hidemi says. Takimoto.