Anyone can see lucid dreams. Experts assure that those who have mastered the technique of lucid dreaming are able to make their life better.
Few people, waking up in the morning, can remember what they dreamed at night. No matter how vivid the dream is, it is almost impossible to recreate it in memory in all details. The circumstances are illogical and inexplicable, and the images of people are mixed into one poorly recognizable physiognomy. You open your eyes and a minute later you cannot remember what you dreamed. The thing is that a healthy human brain clearly separates sleep from reality and, upon awakening, quickly erases all the impressions experienced during the night - as unnecessary.
Our rational brain, already terribly loaded with work, is not interested in the games of the subconscious. But special and training can teach this "winding supercomputer" to take events that happened in a dream seriously. This is exactly what people who are carried away by lucid dreams do: they teach themselves to fix and understand everything that happened in a dream.
"Lucid dreamers" are not some kind of psychics or great intuitions. Sleep experts say that lucid dreams can be seen by anyone. There would be desire and motivation. One "but": some people need months of training to learn to be aware of themselves in a dream, while others do it spontaneously.
“I have never met hopeless people,” says Ilya Blokhin, a researcher at the Institute of Higher Nervous Activity and Neurophysiology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, a trainer for teaching lucid dreaming. “At least everyone can get isolated lucid dreaming experiences. Sometimes it is enough to read something about them, get impressed and experience it at night.
However, there are people with cerebral plasticity, which allows the brain to vary in a very wide range. They know how to quickly relax and concentrate as well.
Such people achieve results faster than others. Brain plasticity can be congenital or worked out, developed by a certain type of activity or education. Separately, we can note the category of people with critical thinking, who in everyday life question a lot, see details, patterns, notice inaccuracies. Their attention works differently and they are more open to lucid dreaming. In children 11-16 years old, lucid dreaming can happen spontaneously and often. This is due to age-related changes and the beginning of the formation of personality, character.
Ilya Blokhin himself first met lucid dreaming at the age of 14. As a child, he was tormented by nightmares, and the boy was so depressed that he could not stand the darkness and was afraid to be alone at home.
It is not known what other phobias he could have developed if one day Ilya had not decided to change the plot of his bad dream. Of course, he did not know anything about lucid dreams, he was just very angry at himself, and at dreams, and at the fear that prevented him from living.
Just once the teenager intuitively changed the plot of the bad dream, and the nightmares receded. Much later, Blokhin realized that dreams can be controlled.
“You shouldn't confuse lucid dreams with those made up,” the expert warns. - Seeing lucid dreams does not mean watching dreams “to order”, when you say “let me dream that I’m a knight”, fall asleep and watch “movies”. A lucid dream occurs at the moment when a person realizes that he is sleeping. And, starting from this point, he can do what he wants in his sleep. Including changing the plot. What is valuable in a dream is that a person is aware of what is happening.
The deeds of days gone by
Attempts to comprehend what a dream is and how to manage it, humanity has been making a long time ago. Aristotle in the IV century BC wrote: "Sometimes, when a person is asleep, something in his mind allows him to understand that everything that happens is just a dream." The first evidence of lucid dreaming dates back to the 415th century AD. It was made by Augustine the Blessed in a letter written from the words of a certain doctor Gennadius, who dreamed of a young man and said: “You are now sleeping and lying in your bed, your eyelids are closed, but you can see me and enjoy what you see. This means that after death, when your eyes are completely blind, you will have a life that you can live, and the same ability of perception that is available to you now. " As Augustine the Blessed wrote, Dr. Gennadius, when he saw this dream, was clearly aware that he was sleeping.
In the 8th century, Tibetan monks practiced a form of yoga that helped to maintain awareness during sleep. In the X century, their beginnings were developed by the Indians. In the XII century, the Arab Sufi Ibn al-Arabi wrote about the control of thoughts in a dream, in the XIII century - Saint Thomas Aquinas. In the 19th century, the study of lucid dreaming reached a new level. The study of the world of dreams during this period was carried out by the professor of Sinology Marcus d'Ervi de Saint-Denis, the founder of psychoanalysis Sigmund Freud, a scientist from Cambridge Frederick Myers, even the philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche was not alien to this topic.
However, lucid dreaming received serious scientific justification in the last century. The first convincing works on this topic belong to the Dutch psychiatrist Frederick Willems van Eden, as well as the founder of the Institute of Lucid Dreaming in the United States, Stephen LaBerge. It was he who developed many of the lucid dreaming techniques used by current practitioners.
What's the point, brother?
But why do ordinary people, far from science and research, try to expand their "sleepy horizons"? What does it give them?
“Some people are just interested in trying to control dreams,” explains Ilya Blokhin. - For fun. But most people learn techniques for personal growth. Since the brain thinks that what it experiences in a lucid dream is really happening, everything that a person does during such a dream is his real acquired experience. Simply put, if in a dream a person learns to drive a car, his body in reality receives the appropriate skills, reflexes and experience. It turns out that some athletes practice lucid dreaming in order to improve performance in reality. They run, jump, do push-ups in their sleep, and such workouts, experts say, are no worse than real ones, and maybe even more effective. After all, a sleeping person has increased suggestibility.
“In a lucid dream, nothing prevents you from convincing yourself, for example, that you love the whole world,” Blokhin smiles. - And in the morning you will wake up in a great mood. You may dream of a solution to a problem, this or that situation that can be duplicated in a dream and change its development.
But the most important thing is that you will begin to better understand yourself, your capabilities. And in a lucid dream, you can look at the world, say, through the eyes of … a dog. Or fly. I've tried both. Indescribable feelings!
In addition, in lucid dreaming, you can get rid of phobias by deliberately placing yourself in a situation that usually makes you fearful. The deceived brain will understand that it is not really a threat, and the mechanism that provokes panic in reality will be reconfigured. For example, for people suffering from arachnophobia (fear of spiders - "VM"), it is enough to plunge into a lucid dream and "communicate" in it with spiders. "Sleepy" arthropods are safe, there is nothing to be afraid of - which means that the brain of a person who understands that he is sleeping will record the information as reliable.
Enchanting and disastrous
“There are hundreds of dream awareness techniques,” Blokhin explains. - Knowing them, everyone chooses for himself the one that suits him best.But if we talk about general principles, then I would single out three main steps that help to be aware of oneself in a dream: the first is memory training in order to remember dreams as such, the second is making a list of intentions: you need to be able to clearly formulate the requirements for dreams, then that you plan to do there, the third is the correct application in practice of the information and skills obtained in a dream.
Nevertheless, there are many horror stories associated with lucid dreaming.
Some doctors threaten sleep disorders and general neuroticism. Others are afraid that a person who is carried away by lucid dreams will forget how to see natural dreams.
But the main danger lies in the fact that it becomes difficult for the brain to distinguish reality from sleep.
Reality and unreality can be confused and confused. For beginners, Blokhin assures, this does not threaten, and those who discover more and more new knowledge for themselves cannot do without safety precautions. Otherwise, it's not far from the "Durka".
- In order not to get a negative experience, you need not only to learn how to enter lucid dreams correctly, but also to distinguish reality from sleep, - Ilya Blokhin reassures. - And do not forget that lucid dreams are more likely to be related to the innate abilities of a person than to deviations. Moreover, their practice usually leads to greater awareness in reality. A person is changing for the better. He becomes more attentive, responsible, monitors emotions, stops responding to negativity.
STEVE LABERGE METHOD: HOW TO UNDERSTAND THAT YOU ARE IN A DREAM
- Cover your mouth and nose with your hands, in a dream it will not interfere with breathing;
- in a dream it is impossible to read the same text twice, it will change;
- the clock in a dream never shows the same time if you look at it with an interval of several seconds;
- if it is impossible to scroll through everything that happened a minute ago in your head, then this is a dream;
- the light in a dream, if you flip the switch, most likely will not turn on;
- if you look at your hands for a long time, in a dream they will begin to change shape, the same effect will be if you look in the mirror.
5 BEST WAYS TO LEARN TO BE AWARE IN YOUR DREAM
1. Keeping a dream journal in which every dream is recorded with maximum detail. This should be done immediately after waking up. By learning to remember dreams, a person will improve the ability to be aware of himself in a dream.
2. Reality check. The more often a person checks whether he is in the real world (whether, for example, cars of the same color are driving along the streets or whether two suns are shining from the sky), the sooner he will get into the habit of asking the question: "Am I sleeping?" - and the ability to be aware of oneself in a dream will develop.
3. Training of mindfulness in reality. Gurus are advised not to dream about the future and not to think about the past, but through meditation to learn to be aware of oneself here and now: to feel smells, to catch a slight breath of the breeze, to listen to sounds.
4. Subconscious suggestion. Often, in order to become aware of yourself in a dream, it is enough to give a convincing command to your subconscious. Resolute "Today I am aware of myself in a dream!" it is enough, the main thing is not to hesitate, giving yourself an installation.
5. Deliberate awakening. If you wake up with an alarm every 90 minutes or so during the night, you are more likely to be dreaming about yourself. The fact is that a person sees dreams every hour and a half, and if you wake up during a dream, each subsequent dream will be brighter and it will be easier to realize yourself in it. (based on materials from metodorf.ru)
From the point of view of physiology, lucid dreaming is a state of the brain in which a person sleeps and does not sleep at the same time. In such a state is the brain of a pregnant woman, which should be switched off, giving the expectant mother a rest and at the same time "hearing" the child. That is why pregnant women master lucid dreaming with ease.
Skolkovo has developed a gadget to improve the quality of sleep.Emitting weak low-frequency electromagnetic pulses, it helps a person fall asleep, stimulates the brain to “produce” brighter dreams, including lucid ones. The developers of the "electric cradle" assure that in 10 years they will create something like a TV, on which it will be possible, upon waking up, to watch your dream like a movie.