What Blood Counts Indicate Oncology In The Body

What Blood Counts Indicate Oncology In The Body
What Blood Counts Indicate Oncology In The Body

Video: What Blood Counts Indicate Oncology In The Body

Video: Tracking cancer with a blood test 2022, November
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Signs of a dangerous disease, abnormal cell growth, are identified using a comprehensive examination. It includes methods from physical examination to laboratory and instrumental studies. The analysis of humoral fluid is informative, especially if you know what blood counts indicate oncology in the human body.

Laboratory methods for the diagnosis of neoplasms

A blood test is an informative method of laboratory examination, which, in a timely manner, indicates any malfunctions in the work of the human body. Neoplasms (benign and malignant) can be asymptomatic for a long time and manifest violently at the terminal stage.

Analysis of the liquid connective tissue, which provides the body with oxygen and nutrients, helps to identify the first signs of the disease, even if they are not yet noticeable during visual examination and do not manifest themselves in any way:

Blood test - taking a biomaterial from the patient, from which further studies start. It can be given on a regular basis, annually, in order to prevent the development of asymptomatic pathologies, or be prescribed before hospital treatment, at a visit to a doctor, to obtain information that cannot be detected by visual examination. A complete blood count is taken from your finger. The venous blood sampling is more informative and is taken from a vein for general clinical analysis. The same source of humoral fluid is used for a general biochemical blood test, commonly referred to as blood biochemistry. Despite the known information about which blood parameters indicate oncology in the human body, the likelihood of an error is not excluded even when conducting a specific analysis for tumor markers. The reason for the discrepancy is the ability of the body to respond to different diseases with similar quantitative and qualitative indicators.

Therefore, for the diagnosis of neoplasms, a complex method is used, in which all three laboratory studies of biological fluid are at the start. It is its changes that can provide initial information. And although later confirmation by other methods will be required, it is impossible to make assumptions without this traditional method.

UAC as a diagnostic method

It is no coincidence that both blood tests (general and clinical) are called basic. It is impossible to make an accurate diagnosis based on them, but it is possible to make perfectly legitimate assumptions based on a quantitative deviation from the norm. Experts usually point out that only their results can give grounds for assigning a study to tumor markers, but this statement is not entirely true.

An indication of pathological processes can be found in the state of health, a change in appearance, signs of illness that are invisible to the eye of an amateur. The doctor prescribes specific studies for preventive purposes (a safety net in case something has escaped attention) or in diagnostic ones, to make sure that his assumptions are correct.

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The appointment of a CBC does not allow a neoplasm to be accurately diagnosed, since an increase in ESR occurs with any inflammation, and iron deficiency also occurs with other diseases and with improper diet. However, this circumstance does not mean that the UAC has no diagnostic value. Fingerstick sampling can clearly demonstrate the presence of abnormalities in the body.

Deviation name

Diagnostic significance, assumptions

Logical conclusion

Anemia, low hemoglobin, or a drop in HB

May be due to active protein uptake by neoplasm

Further research

Erythrocytosis, an increase in the number of immature red cells

The appearance of echinocytes can be caused by a tumor in the bone marrow

Data checking

Erythropenia - a decrease in this indicator

Presumably indicates damage to the hematopoietic system or the appearance of metastases

Conducting other analyzes

Thrombocytosis

Increased platelet count (leukemia)

Further research

Thrombocytopenia

Decreased PLT (lymphogranulomatosis)

Further research

Increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)

Inflammation, intoxication with tumor development products

Data checking

Leukocytosis

Possible availability

Conducting other analyzes

Leukopenia

Possible availability

Conducting other analyzes

Neutrophilia

There may be a swelling of the internal organs

Further research

Neutropenia

The transition of a benign formation to a malignant one

Further research

Lymphocytosis

Blood cancer

Data checking

Lymphopenia

Lymphogranulomatosis

Data checking

Monocytosis

Abnormal cell activity

Conducting other analyzes

Eosinophilia

Abnormal cell activity

Conducting other analyzes

Basophilia

Abnormal cell activity

Further research

Monocytosis, eosinophilia, basophilia

Oncology of the hematopoietic or circulatory system

Data checking

These assumptions cannot be the basis for diagnostics, since they can have another interpretation. These are just indirect signs, approximate indications, the basis for other diagnostic studies.

Blood chemistry

A tumor that is actively developing in the body leads to a change in the organic composition. In it you can find an indication of the localization of the tumor.

Here you can confidently assume the location of a dangerous process if you have certain professional knowledge. But there is no answer to the question of what blood counts indicate oncology in the human body, since the same changes in the quantitative composition may indicate other pathological processes.

The table shows the grounds for suspicion of oncological processes:

Indicator name

Presumptive diagnosis

Notes (edit)

Albumen

Reduction occurs with stomach tumors and blood cancer

May be with liver pathology

Globulins

A sharp decrease indicates an overuse of protein

Protein is spent on the growth of the neoplasm

ALT

The presence in the blood of a large amount indicates a serious illness.

May be with cirrhosis or cancer of the exocrine gland

AST

Damage to the liver or fluid connective tissue

Damage to the bile ducts or liver metastases are also likely

ALF

Bone or blood is invaded

There may be liver cancer

Bilirubin

Diseases of GBS

Tumor of the hepatobiliary system

Glucose

Diabetes

Pancreatic cancer

Urea

High concentration - renal oncology

Decreased - liver is affected

Many abnormalities in biochemical analysis indicators can indicate other diseases that are not related to abnormal cell division. Therefore, the discovery of domestic scientists Abelev and Zilber is used, who discovered specific substances produced in the body as a response to the destruction produced by cancer cells.

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An indicator that also requires verification

Tumor markers is a general term that refers to proteins, enzymes, antigens or hormones, and even non-coding RNAs.The interpretation of the data obtained may indicate the growth of the tumor formation or its reduction when it is already being treated. Therefore, their interpretation is carried out exclusively by a specialist.

The type and quantity are the diagnostic criteria. To date, more than two dozen tumor markers are known, indicating a process in a certain part of the body.

Until recently, there was a general boom in the West in preventive examinations, until it was discovered that most of them (in small quantities) are also present in the blood of a healthy person.

Oncologists are sure that it is necessary to conduct a study only according to the existing indications, but even when higher values ​​are obtained, this is not a clear diagnostic criterion, but only a hint that needs confirmation. To carry out such an analysis simply for preventive purposes is a waste of time, money and nerves.

Outcomes

Cancer diagnosis is a comprehensive study that takes into account numerous studies:

A general blood test is the initial stage of diagnosis, which can be taken for prophylactic purposes. Blood biochemistry gives an idea about the localization of pathology, but not about its type. Research on tumor markers is done exclusively according to indications. Even screening with a positive result is only an indication of the need for further research, and not a definitive diagnosis.

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