In The Chelyabinsk Region, Doctors Performed Bone Marrow Transplant For The First Time

In The Chelyabinsk Region, Doctors Performed Bone Marrow Transplant For The First Time
In The Chelyabinsk Region, Doctors Performed Bone Marrow Transplant For The First Time

Video: In The Chelyabinsk Region, Doctors Performed Bone Marrow Transplant For The First Time

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In the Chelyabinsk Region, doctors performed bone marrow transplantation for the first time. The procedure was necessary for 51-year-old Larisa Romanova from the village of Shumova in the Krasnoarmeysky district. The woman has blood cancer, the medical card is diagnosed with multiple myeloma - a disease that leads to damage to the bone marrow, bones, kidneys. Initially, the patient was prescribed chemotherapy, she underwent 8 courses of treatment. Unfortunately, the doctors soon realized that chemotherapy alone would not be enough for Larisa: to save the patient, she needed a bone marrow transplant. - A transplant was needed, since chemotherapy completely destroyed the patient's hematopoiesis along with tumor cells. The bone marrow, which is the source of stem cells, is primarily responsible for hematopoiesis in the human body. Without cell transplantation, the restoration of hematopoiesis would have been impossible, - explained in the press service of the CHOKB. In Russia, cell transplantation is carried out in only a few clinics in the country: in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Barnaul and Kirov. It is not easy to get there, there is a long queue for transplantation. At the same time, in the South Urals, doctors would like to carry out a similar procedure since the 90s, but it all came down to the purchase of expensive equipment. And recently the equipment was purchased - in particular, a separator for collecting stem cells. - Before the procedure, we monitored the patient's condition - measured the pressure, heart rate, saturation, then connected her to the separator using a catheter, which is inserted into the jugular vein under ultrasound control and sutured to the skin, and took stem cells (editor's note - for transplants Larisa used her own stem cells). They were sent for freezing to the YUGMU clinic, and in the second stage, the thawed material was injected into her vein. Outwardly, the process looked like a common procedure, when they put a dropper, - explained Natalya Kaigorodtseva, anesthesiologist-resuscitator, transfusiologist of the Chelyabinsk Regional Clinical Hospital. After the procedure, hematopoiesis recovered in two weeks. The woman is recovering. Doctors will continue to monitor Larisa's condition, and if necessary, they will repeat the transplant in two months. It should be noted that in the Chelyabinsk region, 100 patients are diagnosed with multiple myeloma per year, and every third of them needs stem cell transplantation. Provided the hospital is provided with the necessary medicines and supplies, the region will be able to perform 20-30 transplant operations.

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