Pregnancy is a time filled not only with positive emotions, but also with worries, worries and anxieties. Women who are carrying their first child are interested in whether the child is developing correctly, whether her feelings are the norm.
It is not possible to constantly consult a doctor with questions. Therefore, it is very convenient to have at hand a kind of guide on how a woman feels during pregnancy and with a description of fetal development by week.
In gynecology, it is customary to distinguish two stages of pregnancy - obstetric and embryonic. The first is used by obstetricians (hence the name) and is based on the date of the last menstrual period. This practice was introduced due to the fact that it is very difficult to establish the exact day of ovulation and, accordingly, the date of conception. Adhering to the obstetric method of calculating the gestational age, one can understand that it is impossible to determine pregnancy in the first week.
However, the first week, its course has a great influence on the very fact of pregnancy - whether the embryo can gain a foothold in the uterus. And also for the further development of the fetus. There are no pronounced symptoms of pregnancy. Describing pregnancies by week, gynecologists note that discharge can be observed for the first seven days, but this does not affect the development of the fetus in any way. The phenomenon is not reflected in the feelings of a woman.
If a pregnancy is planned and a woman is sure that conception has occurred, from the very first week she should follow these rules:
quitting smoking, drinking alcohol;
taking medications should be agreed with the doctor;
reduction of conflict and stressful situations;
strengthening immunity and the number of contacts with sick people.
This is the time that precedes the actual conception. A woman already has a mature egg in her body, ready for fertilization. In the second week, the obstetric period is characterized by a large number of changes. The main one is the maturation of the egg. As before, the woman does not experience any sensations that indicate an impending pregnancy.
The period when pregnancy becomes real. If conception has occurred, the active development of the fetus begins. The egg cell is actively migrating in order to gain a foothold in the uterine cavity as quickly as possible. It is in the third week that she begins to actively divide.
The third obstetric week is the first week of the unborn child's life. There are no pronounced changes in the woman's body yet. Some may complain of dizziness, pulling pain in the lower abdomen, swelling of the mammary glands.
The fruit is a ball with a diameter of 0.1-0.2 mm
Important! It is in the third week that the internal organs of the unborn child are laid.
In the fourth obstetric week, pregnancy is just beginning to take shape. It is too early to talk about the development of the fetus by week and the woman's feelings - there is a high risk of ectopic pregnancy. This happens if the fertilized egg does not have time to reach the uterus, the development of the fetus will begin in the birth canal. Such phenomena are extremely rare.
In the fourth week, there are signs of pregnancy:
during a gynecological examination, a change in the color and structure of the cervix is noted.
Important! The listed signs are not enough to make a clear diagnosis. An ultrasound scan is impractical.
The fetus is actively growing, undergoing changes, turning into an embryo. Its width does not exceed 1 mm, its length is 0.36 mm. The head of the future baby is actively developing. Three layers appear, from which the brain, thyroid, and also the pancreas, muscles, and skeleton will later be formed.
Females may have sensations that can be easily confused with premenstrual syndrome:
pulling pain in the lower abdomen;
Corresponds to the third embryonic week. The body of the expectant mother is actively rebuilding, the fetus continues to grow and change. The internal systems and organs of the fetus are laid.
It is by the fifth week that symptoms appear that indicate pregnancy (although the test does not yet confirm this):
nausea, especially felt in the morning;
an increase, as well as an increase in the sensitivity of the mammary glands;
increased reaction to odors;
drowsiness, high fatigue.
In addition, a woman may experience emotional outbursts, and her sensitivity to surrounding events increases. For 5 weeks, vaginal discharge may be noted - if they are not abundant, not accompanied by severe pain, there is no reason for excitement.
Despite the fact that the fetus is small in size, only 2 mm, it is easy to find it during an ultrasound scan. In the fetus, the respiratory and nervous systems are laid, there is the rudiment of the brain. Cells continue to actively divide. Blood vessels and heart are formed.
In the fifth week, the risk of miscarriage is high. Therefore, a woman who is planning a pregnancy should refrain from active pastime.
If you are not guided by obstetric weeks, pregnancy is 4 weeks from the moment of conception. The development of the fetus and the woman's sensations become more intense. For example, in the body of the expectant mother, progesterone is actively produced - a hormone that protects the body from external infections. It also strengthens the walls of the uterus, which makes it possible to more intensively supply the fetus with blood. At the same time, it is progesterone that is "responsible" for nausea, being produced in excess.
Women notice breast enlargement, darkening of the nipples. Sensitivity to odors appears. On the ultrasound, you can hear the heartbeat.
By this time, an active restructuring of the woman's body begins, the hormonal background changes, the signs of pregnancy become brighter. Many have toxicosis. A common occurrence during this period is drowsiness, changes in taste preferences, and mood swings. For the full formation of the child's nervous system, it is important to have a sufficient amount of folic acid in the woman's body. A cause for concern is bloody, mucous discharge. This may indicate the development of uterine hypertonicity.
From week 7, the fetus is called an embryo. Outwardly, it is similar to a person, the brain is actively developing. On about the seventh day, the genital tubercle appears - the germ of the genital organs. The formed limbs are noticeable, but the fingers are not divided. The mouth, nostrils are visible on the face, the jaws are formed. The embryo size is 5-13 mm, weight - 0.8 g.
The symptoms of the onset of pregnancy become brighter. The level of hormones is increasing, as evidenced by the constant change of mood, tearfulness, drowsiness. The uterus increases in size. Urination becomes more frequent. Discharge accompanied by lower back pain, poor health is a reason to visit a doctor.
Starting at 8 weeks, the embryo begins to receive nutrition through the umbilical cord. On ultrasound, you can determine its size - from 1.5 to 2 cm, legs and arms are clearly visible. The heart is divided into four chambers, branches of the bronchi form in the lungs, kidneys and genitals appear. The nervous system is actively improving. The embryo is actively moving, gaining weight.
The uterus continues to enlarge, however, the natural stretch limit is not exceeded, so there is no discomfort. Due to toxicosis, the weight of a pregnant woman may decrease. A small set is also the norm. The mammary glands enlarge, swell.
The fetus is actively developing the brain, which is already divided into two hemispheres. Movements become more coordinated. The fingers on the hands are lengthened, the membranes between them disappear.
If attacks of morning sickness were previously noted, they may worsen by 10 weeks. Often there is heartburn, colic, localized in the navel. Frequent urge to urinate is complemented by involuntary discharge of urine when laughing, coughing, sneezing. Pigmentation is noticeable on the skin.
At 10 weeks, the embryo continues to actively develop. The face, the lower jaw are formed, the facial muscles, the upper lips begin to develop. The heartbeat is 160-170 beats. Fruit size - 28-33 mm. Weight - 3-4 gr.
Women may experience heartburn, constipation due to increased hormone levels. Vaginal discharge intensifies, normally they are white and have a sour smell. The mammary glands produce colostrum. Some pregnant women experience increased nail and hair brittleness.
The size of the fetus is about 6 cm, weight is from 8 to 10 g. The digestive tract is actively developing, a reaction to external stimuli appears
Pregnant women notice an increase in heart rate. The uterus grows up to 10 cm wide. The load on the internal organs increases. Mood swings are noted.
The fetus has formed internal organs, there are eyelids, earlobes, nails. The child knows how to open and close his mouth, clench his fists. The brain is divided into two hemispheres.
13 weeks pregnant
The hormonal background that accompanies pregnancy stabilizes, as well as the woman's sensations. The mood swings disappear. Describing the development of the fetus by week, note its size - 7.8 cm, and weight - 20 g. Milk teeth are laid, the pancreas produces insulin. Muscles and bone tissue are actively formed. The vocal apparatus is being laid.
The abdomen rises slightly, looks rounded outwardly. Weight increases, appetite increases. The fruit is actively growing. He has eyebrows, eyelashes, facial expressions are improving. Taste receptors develop. The genitals are entering the final stage of development.
Some pregnant women begin to complain of an increase in hair loss, dry skin, brittle nails. For the full development of the child and the maintenance of the mother's health, enough iron and calcium are required.
The fetus is sexually identified. The pituitary gland, sebaceous and sweat glands are actively working.
In some cases, pregnant women feel the first movements of the child. The weight of the fetus reaches 120 g, height - 11 cm. He can turn his head, the heart is actively working. The liver begins to perform a digestive function. The woman's belly begins to protrude forward.
The uterus grows upward, which is accompanied by painful sensations in the abdomen, increased heartburn, shortness of breath and urination. Thrush is often exacerbated. Increased heart rate, bleeding gums, sweating.
The immune system begins to work in the fetus, fat appears under the skin. In girls, the uterus is forming. Permanent teeth are laid. The child is able to hear the voices of the parents, to feel the mother's emotions.
The movements of the fetus are felt more and more clearly. The eyes are closed, but the child is already reacting to light. Length - 14 cm, weight - 200 g. The mother's health is normal.
The weight of the pregnant woman increases, the hips expand. It is difficult to find a comfortable sleeping position. Because the uterus is growing, sleep only on its side to avoid squeezing the vena cava.
The fetal brain continues to develop. The respiratory system is being improved.
The expectant mother is actively producing colostrum. The abdominal skin is highly stretched. The fruit weighs about 260 g, its length is 16 cm. Almost all organs and systems are formed. Eyes open.
The weight gain can be 4 kg. The fetus is actively developing the digestive system, swallowing the amniotic fluid, it trains the esophagus and lungs.
22 weeks pregnant
The emotional stability of the expectant mother largely depends on the support of others. The growth of the fetus is about 19 cm and more, weight - 350 g.
The state of health of the pregnant woman is normal. From time to time there is pain in the region of the sacrum, in the legs. The child's weight reaches 450 g, height - 20 cm. He can dream, is actively interested in the world around him, and reacts to harsh sounds and noise.
The child is actively gaining weight, the tremors are becoming more noticeable for the mother. A woman may feel pain in her back, lower back, so it is recommended to wear a bandage. Heartburn intensifies. The organs and systems of the fetus are completing their formation. Sensory organs and reflexes are actively developing. Weight reaches 400 g, height - 30 cm.
The risk of miscarriage is reduced. Weight is quickly gaining, the gain can be from 6 to 7 kg. The child is in the correct position - head down. Although this may happen later. Its weight is 700 g, its height may remain the same. A woman can feel like a baby hiccups. The child has formed lungs, surfactant is actively produced - a substance responsible for the opening of the lungs after childbirth.
Due to the growth of the abdomen, shortness of breath appears, the gait changes, and independent shoeing is difficult. The weight gain is 9 kg. Unpleasant sensations in the lumbar region. The fruit has reached 32 cm in height and weighs 900 g. It actively accumulates fat.
Movement, sleep, and sitting are difficult. The uterus, which has risen to the level of the ribs, presses on the lungs, intestines. The consequence of this is constipation, nausea, loss of appetite. The child's immunity can react to allergens. The movements become even more varied.
There are no changes in the well-being of the pregnant woman. The weight of the fetus is more than 1 kg, and the height is 34 cm. The child can blink, distinguish between sour and sweet tastes. Children born this week are viable.
Many women experience insomnia, back pain, nausea, and heartburn. The child accumulates white fat, gains weight. He has formed vision, hearing, taste, smell. Its weight is 1200 g, height is 35 cm.
The child clenches his fists during sleep, frowns, stretches, shrugs. Hair grows actively, a rhythm of sleep and wakefulness is developed. Weight can reach 15 kg, and height - 38 cm. Pregnant women are increasingly aware of the baby's movements. The gait changes, metabolism and sweating increase. The uterus presses on the heart, causing women to experience shortness of breath, difficulty breathing.
The growth of the child is accelerating, as is the gain in weight. Protective sheaths are formed around the nerve fibers of the brain, so the speed of impulse transmission increases. The child may feel pain. The cells of the pancreas enlarge, the organ becomes ready to produce enzymes for the breakdown of carbohydrates, fats and proteins. It actively supplies the body with insulin. The liver is improving.
Due to the continued growth of the uterus, the discomfort in the pelvis and chest of the pregnant woman may increase.
The child's weight reached 1900, and the height was 42 cm. By this time, external changes in the fetus acquire personality traits, directly related to heredity. Adipose tissue accumulates, bones grow, become heavy. Pregnant women can retain fluid, causing veins to swell, fingers and ankles swelling. Contractions of the uterus become more frequent.
On the tongue of the child, taste buds are formed, he is able to distinguish sweet from sour. The immune, endocrine, and nervous systems are entering the final stage of development. The body parts become proportional. Fatty tissue is produced, but it is still not enough to maintain the temperature on its own. The walls of the vessels thicken, the formation of alveoli in the lungs ends.
Unpleasant sensations in pregnant women continue to persist. Weight gain ranges from 9.9 to 12.6 kg.
Braxton Hicks contractions are becoming regular - preparation for childbirth. The volume of the chest increases, the weight in the lower back remains. In case of premature birth, the baby will be able to breathe on its own.
The child's organs and systems are formed and functioning. He prepares to descend to the pelvic area. The weight reaches 2.6 kg, the height is 47 cm. It is still difficult for a pregnant woman to breathe.
The child's growth slows down a little. His swallowing and breathing movements are being improved. The heart is fully formed. The maturation of the immune, endocrine and nervous systems is coming to an end.
The weight gain of a pregnant woman is 12 kg. The cervix softens, shortens, preparing for childbirth.
All systems of the child have matured, the hormone cortisone, which is responsible for the ripening of the lungs, is actively produced. The nerves acquire a protective sheath. The cartilage of the nose and ears harden.
A woman may begin to have a yellowish discharge with streaks - this is how a mucous plug comes out.
The child's weight reaches 3 kg, and the height is 50 cm. His nutrition occurs through the placenta. In boys, the testicles descend into the scrotum. The woman feels the contractions more and more. Her hormonal background changes, the pelvic bones move apart.
The baby is ready to be born. The mother's body is also in a state of readiness. The growth of the fetus continues. Weight reaches 3-3.5 kg. The villi in the intestine are fully formed. The stomach produces enzymes needed to break down food. It becomes easier for a woman to breathe.
The baby occupies the entire space of the uterus. In many women, a mucous plug may come off at this time, and contractions begin.
The baby is ready for birth. Bodies and systems have completed their development. The placenta continues to age. There is no change in the mother's well-being.
Pregnancy is considered post-term. In most cases, this does not affect the well-being of the child. The woman also feels fine.