Photo: Pixabay Eczema during pregnancy Eczema is a skin disorder characterized by redness, itching and inflammation. People of all ages, from babies to the elderly, can develop eczema.
Eczema during pregnancy - effects on the fetus
A pregnant woman sometimes has symptoms of eczema, which can disappear completely on its own. Although the symptoms are pronounced, eczema is not harmful to the fetus and is not contagious.
Although there is no effect of eczema on pregnancy, pregnancy affects eczema in different ways. While 25% of women resolve symptoms on their own, 50% may get worse symptoms.
Even if symptoms of eczema improve during pregnancy, it can flare up immediately after childbirth.
Eczema during pregnancy - symptoms
The main symptoms of eczema are:
spots on the skin;
rough or scaly patches that may be crusty;
the skin is dry, sensitive, red and inflamed.
Symptoms can vary in severity. In some women, the symptoms are severe and interfere with their daily activities, while in others they are mild.
Treatment for eczema during pregnancy
Treating eczema during pregnancy is challenging because many medications can harm the developing fetus. However, there are several safe methods, including:
Light steroids that are safe during pregnancy. When applied, they can relieve itching and other symptoms.
Ultraviolet irradiation (UFO)
Some studies have shown that UVR can relieve symptoms of eczema, especially when steroids do not help. Similar to topical steroids, UFOs are safe for pregnant women. If these treatments are not effective, there are other options, including:
cyclosporine and other drugs that suppress the immune system.
Certain drugs should be avoided completely by pregnant women, including Methotrexate, Narrow-Range UVB and PUV, and Alitretinoin.
How to treat eczema during pregnancy at home
Some home remedies include:
Regular use of moisturizers and emollients is critical in treating eczema. Choose a gentle, odorless and hypoallergenic lotion.
Hot showers can dry out your skin. Instead, use warm water and moisturize your skin immediately after leaving your shower or bath.
Wearing loose clothing
Avoid wearing too tight-fitting clothing. A person should choose natural fibers such as cotton.
Avoid synthetic detergents
These foods can make eczema worse. Switch to organic and gentle hypoallergenic products.
Drink more water
Drinking water is essential for good skin health. It keeps the skin soft and can reduce the symptoms of eczema.
Use natural remedies
Coconut oil is a natural moisturizing emollient and reduces inflammation. It can be used as a lotion and applied directly to irritated or itchy skin.
Diet for eczema
Certain foods can increase inflammation in the body, including the skin. To prevent flare-ups of eczema, eliminate dairy and gluten-containing foods. Eating whole, unprocessed foods is good advice for pregnant women.
Probiotics can prevent eczema in some pregnant women.
Despite the inconvenience, eczema during pregnancy is not dangerous for either mom or baby. There are many treatment options, but it is important to speak with your doctor before starting treatment.
Weatherhead S., Robson S. C., Reynolds N. J. Eczemin pregnancy // Bmj. - 2007. - T. 335. -. 7611.-- S. 152-154.