American scientists have come to the conclusion that long breaks between snacks improve well-being, and also make the muscles of the body stay in good shape. How useful fasting is, "Vechernyaya Moskva" examined together with the nutritionist Alexei Dobrovolsky.
Tested on mice
A scientific experiment by biologists from the National Institutes of Health was carried out on rodents. For four months, one group of mice was rarely fed or only once a day, kept on a diet low in sugar and fat, and emphasized on fiber and protein. Another group of test subjects had constant access to food.
The findings astounded the scientists: it turned out that low-calorie food has a beneficial effect on health - it reduces hyperglycemia in mice with diabetes. And short-term fasting heals the small intestine. Moreover, both a reduction in portions and temporary fasting are beneficial. Periodic meals according to the "16: 8 system" helps to lose weight and normalize blood pressure.
The mice adhered to a certain type of nutrition until their death. Scientists noted that rodents with a single meal died on average 4-6 months later than their counterparts who ate low-calorie food and had 24-hour access to food.
The ballerina was wrong
The famous ballerina Maya Plisetskaya, when asked by the French press what diet she adheres to, joked: "Don't eat!" How right was the Soviet artist and is fasting useful for a person? Nutritionist's opinion:
- In general, fasting is useful, but you need to understand what is meant by this concept. If you take the food system, when a person eats once a day, for example, he missed breakfast and lunch, took it as a habit to only have dinner. Most likely, in one dinner, a person will eat as much food as he would have consumed for breakfast, lunch and dinner. The body will turn on the "conservation mode", and this leads to obesity, - says nutritionist Alexey Dobrovolsky. - An example of a beneficial fasting is the fast that Orthodox people have. For one to two months, a person refuses fatty, high-calorie foods, a large amount of carbohydrates, eats three to four times a day. Such a diet heals the body: toxins come out, blood pressure normalizes, excess weight goes away and the mood rises. Fasting days, when a person refuses to eat at all for a day or two, only drinks water, are also harmful. This mode puts the body into stress, hormonal disruption can easily occur. And as soon as you start eating, the pounds will return.