How Regular Exercise Keeps Older People Healthy

How Regular Exercise Keeps Older People Healthy
How Regular Exercise Keeps Older People Healthy

Video: How Regular Exercise Keeps Older People Healthy

Video: Why exercise is important for older adults 2022, December
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In Russia, every tenth elderly person regularly goes in for physical culture and sports. In some regions there are especially many such people, for example, in Dagestan. According to the Ministry of Health, the correct load helps the older generation to keep in good shape not only the body, but also the mind. In particular, to prevent the development of Alzheimer's disease. What exercises are best suited for older Russians who want to lead an active lifestyle, NEWS.ru found out.

Most of the elderly residents of the Russian Federation (men aged 60-79 years, women 55-79 years old) systematically go in for physical education and sports in Dagestan. There, their share is 32.6% of the total number of elderly people. In addition, the top three included the Tambov (20.8%) and Sakhalin (20.5%) regions. NEWS.ru got acquainted with the relevant data of the Ministry of Sports for 2019.

The indicators are slightly lower in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug (18.7%) and the Astrakhan Region (16.6%).

In turn, the least of all the older generation is involved in sports in the Jewish Autonomous Region (0.4%), North Ossetia (1.3%), Trans-Baikal Territory (2.4%), Ingushetia (2.6%) and Crimea (3.5%).

On average, 11.2% of age men and women in Russia regularly go in for physical culture and sports, in Moscow - 9.1%.

Physical activity prolongs a person's life. It reduces the risk of premature loss of muscle strength and helps preserve memory and cognitive function. For example, physical education helps in the prevention of Alzheimer's disease, Olga Tkacheva, chief geriatrician of the Ministry of Health, told NEWS.ru. As the expert noted, all those who have lived up to the age of 100 are physically active.

Tkacheva emphasized that the intensity of the exercise should be reasonable: excessive exercise can harm, not help health. If an elderly person has any medical condition, it is worth consulting a doctor before exercising.

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Author: Olga Tkacheva [Chief Geriatrician of the Ministry of Health of Russia]

But for any disease, physical activity is still beneficial. It will simply differentiate - its variants and intensity depending on the state of the person. Activity should be balanced, aerobic exercise, aerobic physical activity is very useful. Walking, swimming. Balance exercises are helpful. Because at this age there is a high risk of falls. Exercise should last about 40 minutes a day. It is desirable that it be daily, regular. If a person is comfortable and health allows him to run, then this is not bad.

According to the expert, indicators of physical activity among older people in the regions depend on the availability of suitable infrastructure, such as cycling and treadmills. In addition, the numbers can be affected by information campaigns that popularize a healthy lifestyle and tell people about the benefits of sports, the geriatrician noted.

According to the results of some studies, a generally healthy lifestyle, blood pressure control, smoking cessation and physical activity give an increase in life expectancy by 14 years, Tkacheva concluded.

Any kind of physical activity has a beneficial effect on the body and psychoemotional state of the elderly, said psychotherapist Anna Babinina in an interview with NEWS.ru.

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Author: Anna Babinina [psychotherapist]

Muscle activity brings what is called muscle joy. If people do some kind of exercise regularly, they get not only physical satisfaction from this, but also psycho-emotional one. In the body, everything is connected as a whole.If a person is engaged in physical activity, his blood circulation improves, breathing is normalized, the brain is supplied with oxygen, he begins to work better. The psychoemotional state improves through the function of the physical organism.

In July, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a decree "On the national development goals of Russia for the period up to 2030", according to which, in particular, it is planned to increase the life expectancy of Russians to 78 years.

According to the Ministry of Health, men in Russia live on average ten years less than women. Currently, according to Rosstat, the life expectancy of Russians is 73.3 years.

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