How To Drink Antibiotics Correctly

How To Drink Antibiotics Correctly
How To Drink Antibiotics Correctly

Video: How To Drink Antibiotics Correctly

Video: How To Properly Take An Oral Antibiotic 2022, November
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How to drink antibiotics correctly Everyone probably knows that without antibiotics it is simply impossible to imagine modern medicine. The fact that antibiotics can be dangerous to health - most likely, too: in our time, they talk and write a lot about it. So all the same: are they necessary or dangerous? To drink or not to drink? When are they needed, when not, and what to do if a doctor has prescribed them? What are antibiotics? The very word "antibiotic" can be translated from ancient Greek as "anti-life": "anti" "against", "bios" - "life". Despite such a "terrible" name, antibiotics have become a real salvation for mankind, a revolution in medicine: with their help it was possible to defeat those diseases that previously seemed incurable, such as plague, cholera, typhus. millions of human lives. The first antibiotic, penicillin, was discovered back in 1928. by the British scientist Alexander Fleming, however, at first it did not receive wide distribution. Research, and especially the establishment of industrial production, was accelerated by World War II - an effective remedy was required to treat millions of wounded and sick. In 1945, Fleming received the Nobel Prize for his discovery that mankind was a "miracle cure" for fighting infections, and scientists - for the opportunity to search and research more and more similar substances. In general, antibiotics are substances of various origins (both natural and synthetic) that can kill certain microorganisms or inhibit their growth. Please note: not all microorganisms, but only certain types of them, and not only destroy, but also simply stop reproduction and development. This clarification is very important in understanding how to properly administer antibiotics. You need to apply correctly The fact is that some bacteria, due to the peculiarities of their structure and metabolism, are resistant (resistance) to certain antibiotics. When a person starts treatment with any drug, among the causative agents of the disease there can be microbes with varying degrees of resistance, but with a sufficient dose and duration of exposure, the antibiotic will sooner or later "get" to everyone. But do we always prescribe the right treatment, and do we always strictly follow the doctor's prescriptions? A missed injection or a pill that was not taken in time is the dose and decreased. But there are also patients who arbitrarily reduce the dosage - they say, all antibiotics are harmful, so the less I swallow, the less I will suffer, but the microbes will still have enough Alas, in this case, not everyone is “enough”: the most resistant survive and continue to multiply … The same thing happens with a too short course of treatment: after 2-3 days it feels better, the symptoms disappeared, which means that the medicine is no longer needed. After some time, the "unfinished" bacteria will multiply again, only these will be "selected" fighters, the most resistant, on which this antibiotic (or even other substances of the same group) will no longer act, so the treatment will have to start from the beginning, and look for another remedy. In general, antibiotic treatment should be prescribed only after isolating a specific pathogen and determining its resistance in the course of special bacteriological studies. But this is not always possible, especially if the disease is acute and every day the patient and the doctor count. Therefore, quite often antibiotics are prescribed without long checks, according to the typical symptoms of a particular disease, and if the treatment does not help, they try another drug.In addition, antibiotics are also prescribed to prevent complications - for example, the development of bacterial infections in viral diseases. Antibiotics do not work on viruses (this must be remembered and not try to take them for any "colds"!), But in case of a serious illness they save a weakened body from additional problems. The Dangers of Antibiotics Each medication can have contraindications, side effects, and unwanted effects. Antibiotics also have them. One of the most famous is an allergic reaction to a particular drug. For some antibiotics (for example, for penicillins), it is more common, for some - less often, but this possibility should always be taken into account, and at the first signs of allergy that appeared after using an antibiotic, it is necessary to inform the doctor about it and change the treatment. You can insure yourself with the help of allergy tests - check the reaction on the skin before starting the course of treatment, if it is not urgent. Many people also know that antibiotics can be toxic to certain organs. One of the most "poisonous" antibiotics turned out to be tetracycline: it is dangerous for the kidneys, liver, intestines, skin, central nervous system. So now this drug is practically not used to treat people. The kidneys can also suffer from kanamycin, biomycin, streptomycin, the liver - from erythromycin and lincomycin, streptomycin and chloramphenicol can be harmful to the eyes, ampicillin, nystatin, erythromycin can be harmful to the intestines. If these organs are weakened by the disease, it is better to replace the dangerous antibiotic with another if possible. However, sometimes the toxic effect of an antibiotic is manifested in relation to healthy organs. This is due either to any violation of the mechanism of elimination of the antibiotic from the body (for example, it must "exit" through the kidneys, and their function is weakened), as a result of which the concentration of this substance in the blood or tissues becomes too high, or with an excess dosage. Both strangers and their own One of the first side effects noticed with the massive use of antibiotics turned out to be dysbiosis - an imbalance of microflora, leading to impaired digestion, and diarrhea, and to the development in the gastrointestinal tract (or other place of antibiotic use - for example, on the skin) of pathogenic microorganisms with the emergence of superinfection, a new disease with the previous one not yet cured. Fungal lesions were found especially often in dysbiosis, therefore, one of the first measures to prevent superinfection was the joint appointment of antibacterial and antifungal drugs. However, this combination did not solve the problem as a whole: after all, dysbiosis itself is harmful to health. The modern approach to the treatment of dysbiosis is not only the suppression of everything "alien", but above all the restoration of "our own" - a favorable environment for normal microflora and its sufficient amount. But the best way to prevent dysbiosis and other complications of antibiotic therapy remains the correct, professional use of antibiotics - strictly according to indications, under control, with all analyzes and samples, with all additional prescriptions and strict adherence to prescriptions.

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