The expert tells how to properly take a bath for an expectant mother and in what cases it is dangerous to do so.
Lying in a warm bath with a cup of aromatic tea or coffee - what else can a woman dream of at the end of the week. Of course, if such procedures have become habitual, then you don't want to give them up even during pregnancy. However, not all expectant mothers are allowed by doctors to take a bath, because under certain circumstances it can be dangerous to the health of both the woman and the fetus.
Olga Lebedeva, head of the gynecological department of Medintsentra (a branch of the GlavUpDK under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia), obstetrician-gynecologist of the highest qualification category, Ph.D., told Letidor whether it is possible to take a bath during pregnancy and how to do it correctly.
If the pregnancy is proceeding normally, then taking a bath will not harm either the expectant mother or the baby. If a woman has health problems, then I strongly recommend that you first consult with an obstetrician-gynecologist who leads the pregnancy.
How to take a bath
But even if there are no contraindications, one must remember that the procedure should only bring comfortable and pleasant sensations. Moreover, it must be accompanied by the observance of a number of rules:
Do not take a bath with water above 37–38 degrees, and do not stay in the water for more than 15–20 minutes.
The main thing is not to make the water too hot: overheating can provoke many problems, including miscarriage.
You need to be especially careful in the first trimester.
There is a little trick to check the temperature. If the sensations on the skin of the face from contact with water are pleasant, then the water is of a suitable temperature. The skin on the face is very sensitive, so you will immediately know when the water can be made colder.
You can also find out the temperature with the help of an elbow lowered into the water (this is how it is recommended to check the water before bathing the baby), but in this case for a pregnant woman, especially in the later stages, it is difficult and dangerous to bend so low.
As you sit in the bath, leave your upper body - your shoulders and heart area above the water. This will also help to avoid overheating.
Place a protective rubber or silicone mat in the tub. It is sold in children's stores, then it can be used while bathing a child. A non-slip mat is also placed on the floor near the bath - all this will help prevent injury.
During the procedure, dizziness may suddenly begin, and then it will be difficult for the woman to stand up on her own. Therefore, it is very important that there is someone at home who can provide assistance if necessary.
Bathroom and plumbing must be disinfected. This does not mean that you need to scrub the surface with a chlorine-based product, but it is necessary to maintain cleanliness, especially if it is used to wash animals or drained of dirty water after hand washing.
You can add regular salt to the water. It has a good effect on blood vessels, helps with varicose veins and venous insufficiency, hypertonicity of the uterus.
It is important to remember that some cosmetic salts contain active substances that can pose a threat to pregnancy.
Therefore, it is undesirable to use foams, oil and bath salts with additives and plant extracts, as well as herbal decoctions.
Many of them can cause allergic reactions.
If the expectant mother's legs get tired or swollen, warm or contrasting local baths can be done. Of course, not forgetting to observe the temperature regime. In the absence of contraindications, it is good to rub with a massage mitten.
After a bath, you should always take some rest.
With various complications of pregnancy, such as the threat of termination, low or high blood pressure, placenta previa, inflammatory diseases, you should not take a bath at all.
Already at the first examination with a doctor who leads a pregnancy, find out if you have any contraindications, as well as under what conditions the procedures will have to be abandoned at least for a while.
How to take a shower properly
Shower is the main hygienic measure during pregnancy, which is not contraindicated at any time.
A general hygienic or local shower should be taken daily 2 times a day.
A soft contrast shower is very good for the prevention of stretch marks in the later stages - without extreme temperature changes. Hot water dilates blood vessels, which can lead to fainting, especially during early pregnancy and before childbirth.
The water pressure should not be too strong, otherwise the development of uterine hypertonicity is possible.
Is it possible to swim in the pool
The pool is good for relaxation, it gives a correct and even load. At the same time, during exercise in water, the body does not overheat. Swimming improves blood and lymph flow. In the later stages, when edema appears, this is especially useful.
Swimming in the pool also improves blood circulation in the mammary glands and can help alleviate lactation problems after childbirth.
Of course, there are a number of contraindications: you should not visit the pool with the threat of termination of pregnancy, severe toxicosis with vomiting and other serious conditions.
Due to the fact that the immunity of pregnant women is often weakened, any infection develops faster, so be careful about the choice of the pool, its sanitary and epidemic safety.
And finally, after taking a bath, shower or swimming pool, be sure to dry your hair, do not allow hypothermia!
Observing simple rules, you can not be afraid for your health and your baby.
Photo: Vostock Photo
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