COVID-19 spreads faster in diabetic patients. This was stated by endocrinologist Sergei Ivanov, an employee of the Mariinsky Hospital in St. Petersburg. He explained how the coronavirus affects diabetics and what measures should be taken to prevent it.
He explained that in this disease, cells receive less glucose, so they starve. Because of this, the body does not have enough oxygen, so the virus multiplies rapidly, the hospital's page on the VKontakte social network quotes the doctor as saying.
Diabetes also prevents the immune system from defending itself against the coronavirus, the doctor said. According to him, with COVID-19, immunoglobulin A is produced on the mucous membranes of the nasopharynx, but with illness, the production of this substance decreases. In addition, hormonal drugs that increase blood glucose levels are used to treat COVID-19 viral pneumonia.
Ivanov advised patients with diabetes to carefully monitor their blood glucose levels during a pandemic, and in case of infection - at least four times a day. The specialist recommended that diabetics walk more, as this contributes to the saturation of cells with oxygen, as well as take vitamins D and C, limit fat intake, and exclude easily digestible carbohydrates. Like everyone else, diabetics should wear masks, the doctor added.