In the near future, a new large batch of vaccine against coronavirus infection COVID-19 will arrive in the Chelyabinsk region. The residents of South Urals were told how best to prepare for vaccination, what are the contraindications, what the consequences may be after vaccination and whether it is possible to supply only one component of the drug. In addition, residents were told whether a person is contagious in the first weeks after vaccination and whether it is necessary to be afraid of communicating with him. According to Tatyana Sofeykova, deputy head of the epidemiological surveillance department of the Rospotrebnadzor Office in the Chelyabinsk region, it is not yet recommended to give the vaccine to children under 18 and pregnant women (it has not been tested in these categories). At the same time, the infectious disease specialist emphasizes that not a single vaccine crosses the placenta and cannot infect a child in utero. Any acute illness or exacerbation of a chronic one is also a contraindication. “When you are sick and you are vaccinated, the body does not have enough strength to develop immunity (it is busy solving another problem). No need to mock yourself. Get well or achieve remission (in case of a chronic disease) and then get vaccinated,”Tatiana Sofeykova recommended. Vaccination against covid is also contraindicated for allergy sufferers and those who have had an allergic reaction to the previous administration of the drug or the accompanying components of the vaccine (there is no such vaccine for covid, it is a fairly pure drug). "If a person gives an allergic reaction to the first component, then the second does not need to be put," warns the infectious disease specialist. People with cancer should also be vaccinated with caution. In this case, the decision should only be made together with the attending physician. Tatyana Sofeykova clarified that those who at one time had a hard time taking the flu vaccine do not need to be afraid to get vaccinated against the coronavirus. “These vaccines have completely different compositions, different mechanisms of creation. And we have no reason to assume that there will be something cross,”the infectious disease specialist believes. The infectious disease specialist also dispelled the myth that the vaccine has an effect on reproductive function. “There is such a recommendation - if you have given a vaccination (any), then it is better not to plan a pregnancy within three months. The vaccination process in the body lasts an average of 28 days. Someone is slower. The maximum is three months. Let the immune system build up antibodies, and then start another process. But if you suddenly become pregnant, it's okay. No anti-vaccine stamp (neither alive, nor inanimate, nor measles, nor anti-influenza, nor covid) will penetrate the placenta, "explained Tatiana Sofeykova. South Urals residents were also told how to better prepare for vaccination against coronavirus, which is better to refuse before vaccination. “It is advisable to vaccinate during a calm period for health - you need to eat normally, avoid excesses, hypothermia and stressful situations. If you are allergic, it is best not to eat foods that can cause allergies before vaccination. Otherwise, it will be difficult for doctors to figure out whether the reaction to the vaccine or what else. And there is no need to come to the hungry for vaccination, "- said Tatiana Sofeykova. Olga Ageeva, the chief physician of the Chelyabinsk Regional Center for Public Health and Medical Prevention, an expert of the Public Chamber of the Chelyabinsk Region, said that she herself had already been ill and had antibodies, so she did not plan to vaccinate. And now she is preparing her elderly mother for vaccination.“We try to avoid hypothermia and stressful situations so that vaccination goes smoothly. We need to take this step and go further with protection against this infection,”says Olga Ageeva. Tatyana Sofeykova also answered the question of interest to many, whether a person becomes contagious after vaccination. “The vaccine does not contain a virus (neither alive nor inanimate) and does not become contagious from it. Even if you are vaccinated with a live vaccine, the person will not be contagious, - explained the infectious disease specialist. - When we are vaccinated against diphtheria, we do not think that we will be contagious. The vaccination process is the same. " Antibodies in a vaccinated person are not produced from the first day after vaccination. “If I gave the vaccine today, tomorrow it will not work yet. So with any vaccine. Antibodies in a protective titer after vaccination should normally be developed in an average of 14 days,”Tatiana Sofeykova clarified. But this period is different for each person. And the duration of the development of immunity depends on what happened after vaccination with a person. If he did not get sick with anything, there were no serious stressful situations, then antibodies will appear in 14 days. And three weeks after the first vaccination, a second one is given to boost immunity. “The activity of developing immunity will be higher if the dose is divided into two parts and delivered at intervals. So they give a flu shot to children under three years old. The immunity of a young child does not recognize this vaccine well. Fractional administration significantly increases immunogenicity. Therefore, the second component is the second part of the full dose,”said Tatiana Sofeykova. She explained that if a person gave the first vaccination, but could not, for some objective reason, come to the second one, then this should be done as soon as the next opportunity arises. “Immunity needs to be strengthened and there is no need to expect that everything will be fine only from the first component,” the infectious disease specialist warned. The institute is currently considering the release of a lightweight vaccine (consisting of one component). In this case, the duration of the preservation of immunity will decrease. Olga Ageeva spoke about the possible side effects that may occur after vaccination. “The possible effects are local and general. Local - redness at the injection site, swelling, pain. Normally, they should pass on average by 3-5 days. The general ones include general weakness, a feeling of chills, an increase in body temperature (it all depends on the body of each person). These are normal reactions, the vaccine works,”the head physician shared and added that the coronavirus vaccine is well tolerated by the South Urals. No vaccine complications have been reported in the region. In the near future, the region will receive another 55.6 thousand doses of the vaccine against the coronavirus "Gam-COVID-Vac" (trademark "Sputnik V"). You can sign up for vaccinations in almost all polyclinics of the region (60 vaccination points are open). From the first of February, the entry will be open on the State Services. It is also planned to organize mobile vaccination teams to administer vaccinations at large enterprises (mainly where there are health centers).